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Current Status of Mangrove Wetlands in Sinaloa: A Biological Corridor Along the Eastern Margin of the Gulf of California, México

  • Marlenne Manzano-Sarabia
  • Olivia Millán-Aguilar
  • Francisco Flores-Cárdenas
  • Lidia Rodríguez-Arredondo
  • Mayra I. Grano-Maldonado
  • Mario Nieves-Soto
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 25)

Abstract

The state of Sinaloa, located in northwestern Mexico, possesses significant mangrove coverage (ranked fourth in this country), which can be considered a biological corridor because of its ecological relevance for many resident and migratory species. Several ecosystem services are provided by mangrove wetlands; however, diverse drivers of change, mainly anthropogenic stressors, e.g. urban development, pollution, agricultural and aquaculture activities, have modified this large ecosystem during the last decades. It has been reported that Sinaloa has lost more than 5000 ha since 1985, yet the impacts on mangrove structure and functioning are still poorly understood. Furthermore, the frequency and intensity of climate phenomena like “El Niño” events might impact the phenology of mangroves in this region and deserve further studies. Bioaccumulation of contaminants, land cover change, aquaculture, hydrological changes, low and increasing temperature conditions and the impact of hurricanes on mangroves are discussed in this chapter in addition to recommendations for future studies, e.g. the impact of plagues and phytopathogens on mangroves in Sinaloa.

Keywords

Mangroves NDVI Remote sensing Land cover change 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors acknowledge financial support provided by PROMEP UAS-NPTC UAS-PTC-039, PROFAPI 2011/100, 2012/098, 2013/106, Infraestructura-CONACyT 280994 and CONABIO LM004 grants.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marlenne Manzano-Sarabia
    • 1
  • Olivia Millán-Aguilar
    • 1
  • Francisco Flores-Cárdenas
    • 1
  • Lidia Rodríguez-Arredondo
    • 1
  • Mayra I. Grano-Maldonado
    • 1
  • Mario Nieves-Soto
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias del MarUniversidad Autónoma de SinaloaMazatlánMexico

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