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Catheter Closure of Coronary Artery Fistula

  • Kothandam Sivakumar
  • Ajit Mullasari
  • Bharat Dalvi
Chapter

Abstract

Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a direct communication between one or more coronary arteries and a cardiac chamber or a great vessel bypassing the capillary network. The true incidence of CAF is unknown since most are silent and therefore undetected. The incidence of CAF is 0.3–0.8% in patients undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization. Most fistulae arise from the right coronary artery (RCA), followed by the left anterior descending (LAD) and the left circumflex (LCx) arteries in that order. Rarely, fistulae may arise from more than one coronary artery. Over 90% of the CAFs drain in the right heart chambers.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank Prof. Prafulla Kerkar for allowing us to share Videos 4a, 4b, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14. These have been reproduced with his permission.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kothandam Sivakumar
    • 1
  • Ajit Mullasari
    • 1
  • Bharat Dalvi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of CardiologyMadras Medical MissionChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Glenmark Cardiac CentreMumbaiIndia

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