Ventricular Septal Defects

  • Massimo ChessaEmail author


Muscular ventricular septal defects (MVSD) are suitable for percutaneous closure in most cases. Perimembranous ventricular septal defects (PMVSD) closure may be performed percutaneously, although the procedure is more challenging in this anatomic form given the proximity of aortic valve, tricuspid valve, and conduction tissue. Surgical repair is indicated for double committed or supracristal defects and for perimembranous defects associated with aortic regurgitation.

Supplementary material

Video 1

A complete procedure of a MVSD closure from the RIJV (MOV 68222 kb)

Video 2

A complete procedure of a MVSD closure from the RFV because of occlusion of the RIJV (MOV 16306 kb)

Video 3

A complete procedure of a pmVSD closure from the RFV (MOV 44050 kb)

Video 4

A complete procedure of a pmVSD + aneurism closure from the RFV opening the device from the aorta (MOV 37888 kb)

Video 5

VSD closure in a retrograde way from the aortic side (MOV 38988 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Children and Adults Congenital Heart Disease, Policlinico San DonatoSan Donato MilaneseItaly

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