Through a Glass Darkly: The Past, Present, and Future of Turkish Foreign Policy
As the world order has been passing through major changes, Turkey tries to find a compass that will fulfill its foreign policy goals in a manner commensurate with its emergent stature as an important sovereign state with major engagements in the Middle East, Europe, and increasingly, with the rest of the world. The electoral dominance of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) since 2002 has supported the expansion of Turkish foreign policy ambitions and provided a continuity of leadership. This chapter will first consider three major developments, namely increasing fluidity of alignments, personalist leaderships and ambitious foreign policy agendas, and changing structural order at the global level, as well as briefly assess specific dimensions of Turkey’s evolving relationship with the United States, Europe, Russia, China, and the Middle East.
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