Through a Glass Darkly: The Past, Present, and Future of Turkish Foreign Policy

  • Richard Falk


As the world order has been passing through major changes, Turkey tries to find a compass that will fulfill its foreign policy goals in a manner commensurate with its emergent stature as an important sovereign state with major engagements in the Middle East, Europe, and increasingly, with the rest of the world. The electoral dominance of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) since 2002 has supported the expansion of Turkish foreign policy ambitions and provided a continuity of leadership. This chapter will first consider three major developments, namely increasing fluidity of alignments, personalist leaderships and ambitious foreign policy agendas, and changing structural order at the global level, as well as briefly assess specific dimensions of Turkey’s evolving relationship with the United States, Europe, Russia, China, and the Middle East.


  1. Aras, Bülent. 2009. The Davutoglu Era in Turkish Foreign Policy. Insight Turkey 11 (3): 127.Google Scholar
  2. Bull, Hedley. 1977. The Anarchical Society: A Study of Order in World Politics. New York: Columbia University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. “Erdogan Thinks There Should Be No Permanent UN Security Council Members.” 2016. News. Sputnik. 37 23.03 2016.
  4. Falk, Richard. 2004. The Declining World Order: America’s Imperial Geopolitics. 1st ed. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 2016. Power Shift: On the New Global Order. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  6. Fisher, Max. 2016. French Election Hints at a European Shift Toward Russia. The New York Times, November 30, sec. Europe.
  7. “FM Çavuşoğlu: Turkey, US Can Once Again Become Allies Motivated by Common Vision with Trump Administration.” 2016. News. DailySabah, December 4.
  8. Higgins, Andrew. 2016. A Subdued Vladimir Putin Calls for ‘Mutually Beneficial’ Ties With U.S. The New York Times, December 1, sec. Europe.
  9. Huntington, Samuel P. 1993. The Clash of Civilizations? Foreign Affairs: 22–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. ———. 1996. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. 1st ed. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  11. Kinzer, Stephen. 2003. All the Shah’s Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror. 2nd ed. Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  12. Kissinger, Henry. 2014. World Order. New York: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  13. Kupchan, Charles A. 2013. No One’s World: The West, the Rising Rest, and the Coming Global Turn. Reprint ed. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Perle, Richard Norman, Douglas J. Feith, and David Wurmser. 1996. A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm. Washington, DC: Arab American Institute.Google Scholar
  15. Slaughter, Anne-Marie. 2004. A New World Order. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Falk
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Princeton UniversityPrincetonUSA
  2. 2.Milbank Professor of International Law, EmeritusUniversity of California, Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA

Personalised recommendations