Some Conclusions on the Relationship Between Citizens and Their Representatives in France and Germany

  • Gerhard Loewenberg
Part of the New Perspectives in German Political Studies book series (NPG)


The foregoing comparison of the relationship between citizens and their parliamentary representatives in Germany and France reveals differences due to their different constitutional and electoral systems and differences in their political histories. The comparison is particularly valuable at this moment of public skepticism of representation and populist enthusiasm for direct democracy.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhard Loewenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.University of IowaIowa CityUSA

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