• Anthony Digiorgio
  • Malcolm Daniel Eggart
  • Adriana Constantinescu
  • Jason Wilson
  • Gabriel Tender


Minimally invasive lumbar tubular facetectomy can be regarded as a variant of the microdiscectomy that applies to the L3-4 and L2-3 levels, where the narrow shape of the lamina and pars interarticularis forces the surgeon to remove the medial facet in order to access the disc. The L1-2 level can also be approached this way if the disc herniation is not central, since the conus medullaris typically ends at this level and therefore manipulation of the spinal sac must be minimized. This technique can also be used to remove foreign bodies, such as bullets or bone fragments.

Supplementary material

Video 3.1

Left L2 facetectomy for removal of large L2–3 herniated disc. Exposure of the lateral aspect of the thecal sac requires removal of the entire medial facet and the medial aspect of the lateral facet. The lateral aspect of the lateral facet is preserved, as it may be a useful anatomical landmark if percutaneous pedicle screw fixation becomes necessary (e.g., to supplement a lateral fusion) (MP4 32513 kb)

Video 3.2

Right L2 facetectomy for bullet removal (MP4 214022 kb)

Video 3.3

Right L4 facetectomy for bullet removal. The bullet fragment was intradural and attached to the nerve roots (MP4 24974 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony Digiorgio
    • 1
  • Malcolm Daniel Eggart
    • 2
  • Adriana Constantinescu
    • 3
  • Jason Wilson
    • 1
  • Gabriel Tender
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryLouisiana State University Health Sciences CenterNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.MUSC Health Neurosciences at Tidelands HealthMurrells InletUSA
  3. 3.Universitatea de Medicina si FarmacieCraiovaRomania
  4. 4.Louisiana State UniversityNew OrleansUSA

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