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Below and Above the Nation: Bourdieu, Hispanism, and Literary History

  • José Luis Venegas
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter examines the relevance of place to the development of Spanish literary historiography as a field. It draws on Pierre Bourdieu’s form versus function duality to reveal an often-ignored aspect of histories of Spanish literature: their introjection of Europe’s north/south division to assess and categorize regional differences. Originally formulated to explain the creation of an autonomous cultural field in France, the form/function duality frequently translates as north/south in the work of twentieth-century Spanish literary historians. As such, it clues us into links between class, aesthetics, and place that subordinate the southern region of Andalusia to the central region of Castile. This perspective reveals how centralizing nationalism marginalizes regional literary fields not only on linguistic grounds (Catalan, Basque, Galician versus “Spanish”) but also by establishing connections between the south and the function-driven working class and then opposing it to disinterested taste and aesthetic form, associated with Castile.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Luis Venegas
    • 1
  1. 1.Wake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA

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