Advertisement

Leadership as a Profession: A Special Case Dependent on Organizational Ownership, Governance, Mission and Vision

  • Peter Davis
Chapter

Abstract

Davis argues ownership is significant in determining organizational purpose and authentic professionalism depends on the existence of a human-centered purpose. He critiques models for professionalization based on codes and guild-style institutions as inadequate. Davis utilizes the co-operative ownership form to develop a Weberian-style ideal type model of “Co-operative Leader” to illustrate his argument. Davis critiques both the Weberian approach to legitimation and Foucault’s focus on individual permanent resistance to power arguing instead that a professional leadership in organizations and associations is possible when the latter’s focus is upon emancipation from constraints to realizing human potential. He concludes the ideal type provides a practical guide to leadership development and performance evaluation when applied to not for profit, social economy and public-owned organizations.

Keywords

Co-operative Movement Leadership Legitimation Ideal types Organisational purpose Permanent resistance Professionalism Values in management 

References

  1. Aristotle. 1962. The Politics, Translated by Trevor. A. Sinclair. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  2. Backstrom, Philip N. 1974. Christian Socialism and Co-operation in Victorian England. London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
  3. Ball, Kirsty, and Chris Carter. 2002. “The Charismatic Gaze: Everyday Leadership Practices of the ‘New’ Manager.” Management Decision 40(6):552–65. https://doi.org/10.1108/00251740210433945. Accessed on July 13, 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barnes, Alfred. 1926. The Political Aspect of Co-operation (Revised and Enlarged edn.). Manchester: Co-operative Union Ltd.Google Scholar
  5. Bὸὸk, Sven Ǻke. 1992. “Co-operative Values in a Changing World.” Report to the ICA Congress, Tokyo, October. Studies and Reports No. 19. Geneva: International Co-operative Alliance.Google Scholar
  6. Burrell, Gibson. 1998. “Modernism, Postmodernism and Organizational Analysis: The Contribution of Michel Foucault.” In Foucault, Management and Organizational Theory: From Panopticon to Technologies of Self, edited by Alan McKinley and Ken Starkey, 14–28. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  7. Carr-Saunders, Alexander, Philip Sargent Florence, and Robert Peers. 1938. Consumers Co-operation in Great Britain: An Examination of the British Co-operative Movement. London: George Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  8. Cole, George D.H. 1947. “The Rochdale Principles: Their History and Application.” Rochdale Memorial Lecture. London: Education Committee of the London Co-operative Society.Google Scholar
  9. Cornforth, Chris. 2015. “The Eternal Triangle: The Crucial Role of the Chair and Chief Executive in Empowering the Board.” In Co-operative Governance: Fit to Build Resilience in the Face of Complexity, edited by Sonja Novkovic, and Karen Miner, 95–103. Brussels: ICA.Google Scholar
  10. Daft, Richard L. 2005. The Leadership Experience. Ohio: Thomson South Weston.Google Scholar
  11. Davis, Peter, Samuel M. Natale, and Anthony F. Libertella. 2017. “The Role of Truth in Moral Reasoning.” International Journal of Decision Ethics X:139–56.Google Scholar
  12. Fairbairn, Brett. 1994. The Meaning of Rochdale: The Rochdale Pioneers and Co-operative Principles. Saskatoon: Centre for the Study of Co-operatives, University of Saskatchewan.Google Scholar
  13. Foucault, Michel. 1991a. “Politics and Ethics: An Interview.” In The Foucault Reader: An Introduction to Foucault’s Thought, edited by Paul Rabinow, 373–80. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  14. Foucault, Michel. 1991b. “Interview: Space, Knowledge and Power.” In The Foucault Reader: An Introduction to Foucault’s Thought, edited by Paul Rabinow, 3–29. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  15. Garnett, Ronald. G. 1966. “The Ideology of the Early Co-operative Movement.” Lecture delivered at the University of Canterbury, May 26, Frank Cass & Co for the University of Kent at Canterbury.Google Scholar
  16. Goedhart, G.J.D.C. 1928/1995. “The Moral Aspect of Co-operation.” Review of International Co-operation 88(2):7–10.Google Scholar
  17. Iñiguez, Santiago. 2010. “Should Management Be a Profession?” EFMD Global Focus 04 (02):8–12. http://www.deanstalk.net/files/santiago-iniguez-global-focus-of-efmd.pdf. Accessed on August 14, 2017.
  18. International Co-operative Alliance (ICA). 1995. “Statement of Co-operative Identity.” http://ica.coop/en/whats-co-op/co-operative-identity-values-principles. Accessed on June 12, 2017.
  19. Jackson, Brad, and Ken Parry. 2008. A Very Short, Fairly Interesting and Reasonably Cheap Book About Studying Leadership. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  20. Khurana, Rakesh, and Nitin Nohria. 2008. “It’s Time to Make Management a True Profession.” Harvard Business Review 86(10):70–7.Google Scholar
  21. Lambert, Paul. 1963. Studies in the Social Philosophy of Co-operation. Manchester, Chicago and Brussels: Co-operative Union, Co-operative League and Societe General Cooperative.Google Scholar
  22. Lear, Jonathan. 1988. Aristotle: The Desire to Understand. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. MacIntyre, Alasdair. 1991. A Short History of Ethics: A History of Moral Philosophy from the Homeric Age to the Twentieth Century. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd.Google Scholar
  24. MacPherson, Ian. 1995. The Co-operative Identity in the 21st Century. Report to the ICA Congress, Manchester, September, 20–23.Google Scholar
  25. Mercer, Thomas W. 1931/1995. “Foundations of Co-operation.” Review of International Co-operation 88(2):11–16.Google Scholar
  26. Michels, Robert. 1962. Political Parties: A Sociological Study of the Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern Democracy. New York: Free Press Paperback, The Macmillan Company.Google Scholar
  27. Natale, Samuel M., Anthony F. Libertella, and Peter Davis. 2017. “Empathy and Critical Thinking: The Double Helix in the Moral Compass.” International Journal of Social Science and Business 1(4):42–8.Google Scholar
  28. Parsons, Talcott. 1947. Introduction to The Theory of Social and Economic Organisation, by Max Weber (edited by Talcott Parsons), 3–77. New York and London: Free Press Paperback and Collier-Macmillan.Google Scholar
  29. Rabinow, Paul. 1991. “Introduction.” In The Foucault Reader: An Introduction to Foucault’s Thought, edited by Paul Rabinow, 3–29. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  30. Rhodes, Rita. 1995. The International Co-operative Alliance During War and Peace: 1910–1950. Geneva: International Co-operative Alliance.Google Scholar
  31. Rosenberg, M. Michael. 2015. “The Conceptual Articulation of the Reality of Life: Max Weber’s Theoretical Constitution of Sociological Ideal Types.” Journal of Classical Sociology 16(1):85–101. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468795X15574414. Accessed on August 5, 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shaffer, Jack. 1999. Historical Dictionary of the Co-operative Movement. Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies and Movements, No. 26. London: The Scarecrow Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  33. Simons, Jon. 1995. Foucault and the Political. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  34. Spender, J.C. 2007. “Management as a Regulated Profession: An Essay.” Journal of Management Inquiry 16(1):32–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Webb, Catherine. 1904. Industrial Co-operation: The Story of a Peaceful Revolution. Manchester: Co-operative Union, Cornell University Digital Collection.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Davis
    • 1
  1. 1.Co-operative Management Education and Development, Sobey School of BusinessSaint Marys UniversityHalifaxCanada

Personalised recommendations