Stem Cell-Based Therapies for Polyglutamine Diseases

  • Liliana S. Mendonça
  • Isabel Onofre
  • Catarina Oliveira Miranda
  • Rita Perfeito
  • Clévio Nóbrega
  • Luís Pereira de Almeida
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1049)

Abstract

Polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases are a family of neurodegenerative disorders with very heterogeneous clinical presentations, although with common features such as progressive neuronal death. Thus, at the time of diagnosis patients might present an extensive and irreversible neuronal death demanding cell replacement or support provided by cell-based therapies. For this purpose stem cells, which include diverse populations ranging from embryonic stem cells (ESCs), to fetal stem cells, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) or induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have remarkable potential to promote extensive brain regeneration and recovery in neurodegenerative disorders. This regenerative potential has been demonstrated in exciting pre and clinical assays. However, despite these promising results, several drawbacks are hampering their successful clinical implementation. Problems related to ethical issues, quality control of the cells used and the lack of reliable models for the efficacy assessment of human stem cells. In this chapter the main advantages and disadvantages of the available sources of stem cells as well as their efficacy and potential to improve disease outcomes are discussed.

Keywords

NSCs ESCs MSCs iPSCs and polyQ diseases 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liliana S. Mendonça
    • 1
    • 2
  • Isabel Onofre
    • 1
  • Catarina Oliveira Miranda
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rita Perfeito
    • 1
    • 2
  • Clévio Nóbrega
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Luís Pereira de Almeida
    • 1
    • 6
  1. 1.Center for Neuroscience and Cell BiologyUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  2. 2.Interdisciplinary Research InstituteUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical Sciences and MedicineUniversity of AlgarveFaroPortugal
  4. 4.Centre for Biomedical ResearchUniversity of AlgarveFaroPortugal
  5. 5.Algarve Biomedical CenterUniversity of AlgarveFaroPortugal
  6. 6.Faculty of PharmacyUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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