Radiation Exposure and Safety

  • Kully Sandhu
  • Gurbir Bhatia
  • James NolanEmail author


Coronary angiography is a widely available diagnostic and therapeutic modality. Radiation exposure is set to increase as a result of greater complexity of coronary and structural cases now being undertaken. Therefore all cardiologists need to be aware of not only the risks of radiation but also strategies to minimize radiation exposure for both patients and catheter laboratory staff.

This chapter aims to provide a brief overview of basic radiation physics, highlight associated risks of radiation, and emphasize strategies to minimize radiation exposure.


Coronary angiography Basic radiation principles X-rays Adverse effects Radiation safety Radiation protection 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Royal Stoke University HospitalUniversity Hospitals of North Midlands NHS TrustStoke-On-TrentUK
  2. 2.Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation TrustBirminghamUK

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