Biomechanics of Groundstrokes and Volleys

  • Bruce ElliottEmail author
  • Machar Reid
  • David Whiteside


Groundstrokes are the predominant strokes in tennis, outnumbering serves by a factor of almost 2. While the volume of groundstrokes is typically double for men compared with those of women, the similarity in velocity generation for forehands and backhands, irrespective of sex, means that a biomechanical base to groundstroke production is critical in attaining optimal performance and staying injury-free. Mechanical considerations of the forehand and one- and two-handed backhands are integrally linked with the development of racket velocity (the kinetic chain), trajectory and orientation for impact, over a variety of tactical situations. These factors will form the basis of this chapter. The mechanics associated with stroke variability, footwork, stance and influence of grip, as they relate to stroke production, will also be discussed. A Clinician’s Corner is included for each section to relate mechanics back to the theme of the book, that of Tennis Medicine. The volley, although a much less prevalent stroke than the forehand and backhand, represents approximately 3% of the number of groundstrokes hit by professional players. Yet it still plays an important role in tennis tactics and will therefore be treated in a similar manner, albeit in a briefer format.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Tennis Australia and International Tennis FederationLondonUK
  3. 3.New York YankeesNew YorkUSA

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