Knowledge Management in Developing Economies: A Critical Review

  • Mariam Mohsin
  • Jawad Syed


The notion of knowledge management (KM) is generally conceptualized and used in research originating from developed countries in the West. Managers in developing economies face a different sociocultural and economic complex when trying to implement KM systems and there is a need for insight into the way KM is understood and practiced in these economies. With the migration of manufacturing and service industries to developing economies, developing countries, such as China and India, are increasingly relevant and significant due to the size of their markets and human resources. Thus, there is a need to critically investigate how the cultural, economic, and social contexts in these economies interact with organizations and their KM systems. This chapter provides a systematic review of KM literature in the developing economy context. The review shows that only a few studies provide a contextually embedded discussion on KM in developing countries. We further analyzed the studies that provide contextual analysis and extracted three themes: trust, hierarchy, and power. Based on our findings, we have presented a categorization of research on KM in developing countries along with recommendations for future research.


Context Developing countries Knowledge management Literature review 


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariam Mohsin
    • 1
  • Jawad Syed
    • 1
  1. 1.Suleman Dawood School of BusinessLahore University of Management SciencesLahorePakistan

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