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IR Playbook pp 17-25 | Cite as

Radiation Safety

  • Gabriel Bartal
  • Eliseo Vano
Chapter

Abstract

Increasing numbers of medical specialists are performing fluoroscopy-guided interventional procedures (FGIP) (Ann ICRP 30(2):7–67, 2000; Vano, Curr Radiol Rep 1:11–22, 2013). The use of medical ionizing radiation in the USA was reported sevenfold higher in 2006 compared to 1980, when the amount due to FGIP increased 33 times (American College of Radiology, ACR technical standard for management of the use of radiation in fluoroscopic procedures. Practice guidelines and technical standards 2003, American College of Radiology, Reston, 2003; National Council on Radiation Protection & Measurements (Bethesda, MD). Ionizing radiation exposure of the population of the United States. Report No.:160. Available from: http://www.ncrponline.org/PDFs/2012/DAS_DDM2_Athens_4-2012.pdf). The new international recommendations on radiation safety have led to national and international efforts to promote patient and staff radiation safety. Basic understanding of radiation safety principles in daily practice is a key to safe interventional radiology practice. This chapter will review basic principles of radiation physics, new technology aimed at dose reduction to staff and patients, as well as the basis of biological effects of ionizing radiation.

Keywords

Radiation protection Optimization Patient dosimetry Occupational dosimetry X-ray system Radiation risks Pregnancy Pediatrics 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriel Bartal
    • 1
  • Eliseo Vano
    • 2
  1. 1.Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Meir Medical Center, Kfar SabaSackler Medical School, Tel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Medical PhysicsSan Carlos University Hospital – Complutense UniversityMadridSpain

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