Behaviour Change Theories and Techniques for Promoting Physical Activity Among Older People

  • Karen Morgan
  • Maw Pin Tan


Health psychology theories help us understand human health behaviour (e.g. physical activity) and provide frameworks for developing interventions (e.g. to increase physical activity levels). Of the many theories developed, the ones most commonly used in the context of behaviour change have been identified as: the Transtheoretical Model, the Theory of Planned Behaviour, Social Cognitive Theory, the Information-Motivation-Behavioural-Skills Model, the Health Belief Model, Self-Determination Theory, the Health Action Process Approach and Social Learning Theory. This chapter outlines each of these theories and considers their application and usefulness in the context of promoting physical activity in older adults. Older adults remain an underrepresented group in research studies making it difficult to establish which techniques should be used with this group.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen Morgan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maw Pin Tan
    • 3
  1. 1.Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland School of MedicinePerdana UniversitySerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Division of Population Health SciencesRoyal College of Surgeons in IrelandDublinIreland
  3. 3.Department of Medicine, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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