Review of Thrombocytopenia and Perioperative Management in Dentistry

  • Hani F. Braidy


Thrombocytopenia may be caused by a variety of underlying systemic diseases. Mechanisms resulting in low levels of circulating platelets can be categorized into three categories: decrease in platelet production, an increase in platelet sequestration, or peripheral destruction of platelets. Peripheral platelet destruction may be further classified as immune or nonimmune mediated. The management of thrombocytopenia is based on the severity of the underling systemic disorder and clinical extent of the bleeding. A detailed history and physical exam, review of laboratory values, and scope of the anticipated dental procedure will determine the optimal perioperative management of the thrombocytopenic patient.


Thrombocytopenia Low platelet count Congenital thrombocytopenia Thrombocytopenic purpura Platelet transfusions Dental extraction 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hani F. Braidy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryRutgers University School of Dental MedicineNewarkUSA

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