Christians in Arab Politics
The enthusiasm that greeted the Arab uprisings of 2011 and was displaced by disillusionment. According to Mitri, demands for democracy continued in efforts to shape a new social and political order. Many Christians emphasized their common ethno-cultural identity with Muslims to form the “pact of citizenship” that superseded the former dhimma pact. However, this development also intensified Islamic self-awareness that resulted in violent self-assertion and a reaction to the failures of modern, more or less secular, independent and authoritarian governments. This resulted in two approaches: opting for an exclusively minority-centered militancy or choosing silence out of fear or resignation. A third, as yet unrealized, approach is a return to the “pact of citizenship” that would bind Christians and Muslims together.