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Other Locations of Deep Endometriosis

  • Stefano GuerrieroEmail author
  • Silvia Ajossa
  • Ornella Comparetto
  • Camilla Ronchetti
  • Virginia Zanda
  • Bruno Piras
  • Alba Piras
  • Valerio Mais

Abstract

While pelvic endometriosis is defined as lesions of the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and local peritoneum, extrapelvic endometriosis refers to endometriotic implants found elsewhere in the body [1]. The extrapelvic implantation of endometrial tissue has been described in virtually every organ, system, and tissue in the body [2]. The true prevalence of extrapelvic endometriosis is unknown because of a lack of well-defined epidemiological studies; in fact, only surgical and gynecological case reports are reported. Many diagnostic methods have been proposed, but none of them represents the gold standard. The role of ultrasonography has been proposed and recognized only in some locations [1].

Supplementary material

Video 13.1

An ultrasonographic evaluation of a scar endometriosis in a 32-year-old woman with a cesarean section 6 years before with uncorrect focalization (AVI 9818 kb)

Video 13.2

An ultrasonographic evaluation of a scar endometriosis in the same patient of Video 13.1 but with a better focalization (AVI 9408 kb)

Video 13.3

A color Doppler scan of the same nodule of Videos 13.1 and 13.2 (AVI 5750 kb)

Video 13.4

An ultrasonographic evaluation of two nodules of scar endometriosis in a 39-year-old woman with a previous cesarean section 6 years before (AVI 28817 kb)

Video 13.5

An ultrasonographic evaluation of two nodules of scar endometriosis in a 39-year-old woman with a previous cesarean section 6 years before (AVI 18770 kb)

Video 13.6

An ultrasonographic evaluation of Villar’s nodule in a 33-year-old woman without previous abdominal surgery (AVI 10636 kb)

Video 13.7

An ultrasonographic color Doppler evaluation of Villar’s nodule in a 33-year-old woman without previous abdominal surgery (AVI 1539 kb)

Video 13.8

An ultrasonographic evaluation of a rectus abdominis endometriosis in a 30-year-old woman with one previous cesarean section 4 years before (AVI 16663 kb)

Video 13.9

An ultrasonographic color Doppler evaluation of a rectus abdominis endometriosis in a 30-years-old woman with one previous cesarean section 4 years before (AVI 2387 kb)

Video 13.10

Sonographic features of right inguinal endometriosis presenting as a cystic mass with internal septa (few color Doppler spots peripherally) and hypoechoic content located in inguinal area (AVI 1298 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefano Guerriero
    • 1
    Email author
  • Silvia Ajossa
    • 1
  • Ornella Comparetto
    • 1
  • Camilla Ronchetti
    • 1
  • Virginia Zanda
    • 1
  • Bruno Piras
    • 1
  • Alba Piras
    • 1
  • Valerio Mais
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Cagliari, Policlinico Universitario Duilio Casula, MonserratoCagliariItaly

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