Successful academic surgeons frequently credit the ability of a few experienced mentors to develop and accelerate their personal and professional growth. In previous chapters, we have seen the importance of mentorship in initiating and promoting the careers of aspiring academic surgeons. We have learned the importance of formal mentorship in the subspecialty selection, research productivity, grant awards, technical skill ascertainment, and career satisfaction of surgical trainees and early faculty. However, the mentorship needs of more senior academic surgeons are often overlooked. Indeed, a large qualitative study of two academic centers found that more senior and established faculty often felt neglected and reported the desire for equitable access to mentors (Straus et al., Acad Med J Assoc Am Med Coll 84:135–139, 2009). In addition, despite the fact that mid-career faculty have distinct circumstances and challenges that justify strong mentorship, dedicated research on mid-career mentorship remains scarce. In this chapter, we focus on mentorship of the mid-career academic surgeon and discuss opportunities for multidisciplinary programmatic development that can be fostered through effective mentorship.
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