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Nerve Entrapment Syndromes

  • Filomena Puntillo
  • Laura Bertini
Chapter

Abstract

Entrapment neuropathy is the most frequent mono-neuropathy encountered in clinical practice. It is defined as a pressure-induced injury to a peripheral nerve usually by fibrous bands and ligaments at the level of fibro-osseous canals where the nerve runs.

The most common US finding of compression neuropathies concern fibrillar echotexture alterations and nerve thickness modifications, both due to the oedema, inflammation with hypervascularization, secondary remyelination, and fibrosis.

Keywords

Ultrasound Peripheral nerves Musculoskeletal system Nerves compressive syndromes Nerve entrapment Nerve thickness Cross-sectional area 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Assistant Professor of Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy, Department of Emergency and Organ TransplantationUniversity of BariBariItaly
  2. 2.Anaethesia and Pain Unit, Santa Caterina HospitalRomeItaly

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