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Urban Mental Health in the Twenty-First Century

  • Norman Sartorius
  • Naotaka Shinfuku
  • Heok Eee Kua
  • Takahiro A. Kato
  • Alan R. Teo
  • Masaru Tateno
  • Tae Young Choi
  • Yatan Pal Singh Balhara
  • Shigenobu Kanba
Chapter

Introduction

  • N. Sartorius

The contribution of the WPA Section on Urban Mental Health to the volume describing the work of the WPA sections describes three facets of the work on the promotion of mental health in urban settings. The first, that of Professor Shinfuku, deals with the consequences of a disaster on people living in towns; the second, that by Professor Kua, describes the issues related to getting old in an urban setting; and the third describes hikikomori, a syndrome of isolation and withdrawal from social contacts—apparently growing in parallel with urbanization—that has recently gained prominence. All three contributions are placed in the setting of Asia, in two of the most urbanized countries in the world, Japan and Singapore.

The selection of these examples among many others could be criticized as being restricted to a small section of the whole world currently reeling under the impact of urbanization which has never been so rapid and massive as it is now; yet, such a...

Notes

Acknowledgments

This review paper is mainly based on our recently published papers (Kato et al. SPPE 2012; Teo et al. Int J Soc Psychiatry 2015; and Teo et al. Psychiatry Res 2015). The introduced studies in this review paper were supported by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on (1) the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED) (Yugo-Nou to TAK); (2) the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science-KAKENHI (to TAK (26713039 & 15 K15431)); (3) Innovative Areas “Will Dynamics” (16H06403 to TAK) of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, Japan; (4) Young Principal Investigators’ Research Grant of Innovation Center for Medical Redox Navigation, Kyushu University (to TAK); and (5) SENSHIN Medical Research Foundation (to TAK). The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication. Dr. Teo is supported by the Department of Veterans Affairs. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the position or policy of the Department of Veterans Affairs or the United States government.

Conflict of Interests

In this review paper, all the authors report no financial relationships with commercial interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norman Sartorius
    • 1
  • Naotaka Shinfuku
    • 2
    • 3
  • Heok Eee Kua
    • 4
  • Takahiro A. Kato
    • 5
    • 6
  • Alan R. Teo
    • 7
    • 8
  • Masaru Tateno
    • 9
  • Tae Young Choi
    • 10
  • Yatan Pal Singh Balhara
    • 11
    • 12
    • 13
    • 14
  • Shigenobu Kanba
    • 4
  1. 1.Association for the Improvement of Mental Health ProgrammesGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Kobe University School of MedicineFukuokaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Social WelfareSchool of Human Sciences, Seinan Gakuin UniversityFukuokaJapan
  4. 4.Department of Psychological MedicineNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  5. 5.Department of NeuropsychiatryGraduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  6. 6.Brain Research Unit, Innovation Center for Medical Redox NavigationKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  7. 7.Portland VA Medical CenterPortlandUSA
  8. 8.Department of PsychiatryOregon Health & Science UniversityPortlandUSA
  9. 9.Sapporo Hana Developmental Psychiatry Clinic, Department of NeuropsychiatrySapporo Medical UniversitySapporoJapan
  10. 10.Department of PsychiatryCatholic University of Daegu School of MedicineDaeguSouth Korea
  11. 11.National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, Department of PsychiatryAll India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)New DelhiIndia
  12. 12.King’s College LondonLondonUK
  13. 13.University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  14. 14.Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

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