Transcultural Psychiatry: Refugee, Asylum Seeker and Immigrant Patients over the Globe

  • Meryam Schouler-Ocak
  • Cornelis J. LabanEmail author
  • Sofie Bäärnhielm
  • Marianne C. Kastrup
  • Simon Dein
  • Ronald Wintrob


The number of refugee, asylum seeker and immigrant patients over the globe is growing dramatically, and industrialized countries are likely to receive increasing numbers of people belonging to ethnic minorities in the form of refugees and asylum seekers due to a global increase in social and political instability as well as socioeconomic conflicts. The proportion of people with a serious mental disorder such as PTSD among this population is high. Thus health-care services should prepare themselves to better serve this group of ethnic minorities. They are insufficiently prepared for this specific population of mentally ill immigrants or ethnic minority groups. Particularly, mental health care for refugee, asylum seeker and immigrant patients is lacking, e.g. in cultural competence, intercultural psychotherapy and ethnopharmacology as well as legislation related to access to and utilization of health services, and varies from country to country. Transcultural psychiatry is a discipline within psychiatry, which deals with refugee, asylum seeker and immigrant patients over the globe. This chapter will give an overview on transcultural psychiatry and psychotherapy and future perspectives.


Transcultural psychiatry Immigrants Refugees and asylum seekers Displaced persons Cultural competence CFI 


Conflict of Interest



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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meryam Schouler-Ocak
    • 1
  • Cornelis J. Laban
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sofie Bäärnhielm
    • 3
  • Marianne C. Kastrup
    • 4
  • Simon Dein
    • 5
  • Ronald Wintrob
    • 6
  1. 1.Psychiatric University Clinic of Charité at St. Hedwig HospitalBerlinGermany
  2. 2.De Evenaar, North Netherlands for Transcultural Psychiatry, Institute of Community Mental Health DrentheBeilenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Transcultural Center, Stockholm County Council, Transkulturellt CentrumStockholmSweden
  4. 4.Past-Chair of WPA - Transcultural Psychiatry SectionFrederiksbergDenmark
  5. 5.Queen Mary University of LondonLondonUK
  6. 6.Department of Psychiatry and Human BehaviorWarren Alpert School of Medicine, Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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