Towards Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development: Science, Technology, and Innovation Strategies and Policy Implications

  • Emine Nur Ozkan-Gunay
  • Gozde Nur Kazazoglu-Sahin


This chapter focuses on the status of national science, technology, and innovation policies and their impacts on establishing the science, technology, and innovation (STI) ecosystem in Turkey following the global crisis of 2008 and provide policy recommendations to attain 2023 Goals for Turkey. Even though Turkey has made significant progress in building up its STI capacities since 2007, its economy continues to underperform in many key STI performance indicators compared to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and European Union averages. Turkey must introduce second-generation STI reforms and implement them immediately to become a highly productive and competitive economy through innovative and high-tech production and stable and high growth in the context of inclusive growth.


Knowledge-based economy Inclusive growth Innovation Science, technology, and innovation (STI) Middle-income trap Emerging country 

JEL Codes

O11 O31 O38 O57 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emine Nur Ozkan-Gunay
    • 1
  • Gozde Nur Kazazoglu-Sahin
    • 2
  1. 1.Grand National Assembly of TurkeyAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Istanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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