Biodiversity and Geographic Patterns of Neotropical Staphylinidae

  • Ulrich IrmlerEmail author
  • Angelico Asenjo


The history of the discovery of the Central and South American Staphylinidae fauna is reported beginning with the start of modern taxonomy in the mid of the eighteenth century up to the present. An overview over the number of genera is given for all Central and South American countries. The subfamily Osoriinae is described in more detail. The similarities of the faunal compositions between countries are analysed, and countries with similar composition are combined to larger regions. Biodiversity and biogeographic peculiarities within the Neotropics and to other continents are described and discussed.



We heartily thank Dr. Alfred Newton, Chicago, for his support to find the correct number of species and genera of the Neotropical region.


  1. Asenjo A, Irmler U, Klimaszewski J et al (2013) A complete checklist with new records and geographical distribution of the rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) of Brazil. Insecta Mundi 277:419Google Scholar
  2. Asiain J, Hernandez J, Irmler U (2015) New national and state records of Neotropical Staphylinidae (Insecta: Coleoptera). Zootaxa 3974:76–92CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Assing V (2012) On the Staphylinidae of Israel. Linzer Biol Beitr 44:351–363Google Scholar
  4. Bates HW (1864) The naturalist on the river Amazon. A record of adventures, habits of animals, sketches of Brazilian and Indian life, and aspects of nature under the equator, during eleven years of travel. J. Murray, London, p 466Google Scholar
  5. Blackwelder R (1943) Monograph of the West Indian beetles of the family Staphylinidae. Bull US Natl Mus 182:658Google Scholar
  6. Blackwelder R (1944) Checklist of the coleopterous insects of Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and South America – Staphylinidae. Bull US Natl Mus 185:100–168Google Scholar
  7. Bohác J (1978) Description of the larva and pupa of Thoracophorus brevicristatus (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). Acta Entomol Bohemoslov 75:394–399Google Scholar
  8. Chani-Posse MR, Thayer MK (2008) Staphylinidae. In: Claps L, Debandi G, Roig-Juñent S (eds) Biodiversidad de Artrópodos Argentinos, vol 2. Sociedad Entomológica Argentina Ediciones, Mendoza, pp 471–494Google Scholar
  9. Da Silva JMC, Bates JM (2002) Biogeographic patterns and conservation in the South American Cerrado: a tropical savanna hotspot. Bioscience 52:225–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. de Laporte FL (1834–1840) Études entomlogique ou description d’insectes nouveaux, et observation sur las synonymie. Méquignon, Paris, p 159Google Scholar
  11. Erichson WF (1839-1840) Genera et species Staphylinorum Insectorum Coleopterorum Familiae. Morin, Berlin, p 994Google Scholar
  12. ESRI (1999) ArcView GIS software program. Environmental Systems Research InstituteGoogle Scholar
  13. Garcia JL (2012) Late Pleistocene ice fluctuations and glacial geomorphology of the Archépelago de Chiloé, southern Chile. Geogr Ann Ser A 94:459–479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gravenhorst ILC (1806) Monographia coleopterorum micropterorum. H. Dietrich, Göttingen, p 236Google Scholar
  15. Hammer Ø, Harper DAT, Rayan PD (2014) PAST: paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Paleontol Electron 4:1–19Google Scholar
  16. Harrison S (2004) The Pleistocene glaciations of Chile. Dev Q Sci 2:89–103Google Scholar
  17. Irmler U (1981a) Descriptions of new Neotropical Holotrochus and a key to the species of the genus (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Coleopt Bull 35:379–397Google Scholar
  18. Irmler U (1981b) Neue Arten der Gattung Mimogonia Coiffait (1978) aus der Neotropis (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). Entomol Bl 77:143–152Google Scholar
  19. Irmler U (2000) The Neotropical species of the genus Allotrochus Fagel, 1955. Bull Inst Roy Sci Nat Belg, Entomol 70:247–250Google Scholar
  20. Irmler U (2005) Review of the genus Dirocephalus Silvestri, 1938 and related genera in the Neotropical region (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Osoriinae). Bull Inst Roy Sci Nat Belg, Entomol 75:103–118Google Scholar
  21. Irmler U (2006) The genus Lispinus (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Osoriinae) in Costa Rica – a key, a new species, ecological and biogeographical remarks. Brenesia 66:1–13Google Scholar
  22. Irmler U (2007) The Tannea (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Osoriinae) species of Costa Rica – new species and records, a key, ecological, and geographical remarks. Brenesia 68:69–85Google Scholar
  23. Irmler U (2009a) New species and records of the genus Lispinus with a key to the species from Peru (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Osoriinae). Zootaxa 2263:42–58Google Scholar
  24. Irmler U (2009b) Two new species of the Neotropical Dirocephalus complex of genera (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Osoriinae). Koleop Rundsch 79:59–63Google Scholar
  25. Irmler U (2010a) Two new species of the genus Thoracophorus Motschulsky, 1837 (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Osoriinae) with remarks on ecology of the genus in the Neotropical region. Psyche 138518:1–6Google Scholar
  26. Irmler U (2010b) New species of the genus Mimogonus and Mimogonia (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Osoriinae) from the Neotropical region. Acta Entomol Mus Nat Prag 50:483–294Google Scholar
  27. Irmler U (2012a) The Lispinus Erichson, 1840 species of Ecuador with description of a new species and a new synonymy (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Osoriinae). Koleop Rundsch 82:219–233Google Scholar
  28. Irmler U (2012b) The Tannea Blackwelder species of Ecuador with description of new species (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Osoriinae). Neotrop Entomol 41:214–222CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Irmler U (2013) New species of the genus Mimogonia and Holotrochus from South America (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Osoriinae). Acta Entomol Mus Nat Prag 53:155–176Google Scholar
  30. Irmler U (2015a) New Neotropical genera and species of the tribe Osoriini (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Osoriinae). Contrib Entomol 65:173–196Google Scholar
  31. Irmler U (2015b) Osoriinae of Cuba with description of new species and an identification key (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Acta Entomol Mus Nat Prag 55:145–172Google Scholar
  32. Irmler U (2015c) The neotropical genus Glyptoma Erichson, 1839 with descriptions of new species and a key to the species (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Osoriinae). Contrip Entomol 66:297–325Google Scholar
  33. Irmler U (2016) Four new species of the genus Holotrochus Erichson, 1839 from South America (Staphylinidae: Osoriinae). Entomofauna 37:85–100Google Scholar
  34. Lemair J-M, Raffaldi J (2015) Deux nouveaux coléptères introduits dans les jardins de Monaco: Coiffaitiella benjamini (Marquet, 1875) (Coleoptera Curculionoidea Raymondionymidae) et Holotrochus acromyrmicis Bernhauer, 1920 (Coleoptera Staphylinidae Osoriinae). Le Coléoptérist 18:165–166Google Scholar
  35. Liebherr JK (1988) Biogeographic pattern of West Indian Platynus carabid beetles (Coleoptera). In: Liebherr JK (ed) Zoogeography of Caribbean insects. Cornell University Press, London, pp 121–152Google Scholar
  36. Linné C (1758) Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, diufferentiis, synoymis, locis. Holm, Laurentius, p 823Google Scholar
  37. Lynch-Arribalzaga F (1884) Estafilinos de Buenos Aires. Bol Acad Nac Cienc 7:392Google Scholar
  38. McColl HP (1982) Osoriinae (Insecta: Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Fauna of New Zealand, Wellington, p 89Google Scholar
  39. Morone JJ (2014) Biogeographical regionalization of the Neotropical region. Zootaxa 3782:110Google Scholar
  40. Morone JJ (2015) Biogeographical regionalization of the Andean region. Zootaxa 3936:207–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Müller P (1973) The dispersal centres of terrestrial vertebrates in the Neotropical realm: a study in the evolution of the Neotropical biota and its native landscapes. Junk, The Hague, p 244Google Scholar
  42. Navarrete-Heredia JL, Newton AF, Thayer MK et al (2002) Illustrated guide to the genera of Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) of Mexico. Universidade de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, p 401Google Scholar
  43. Newton AF (2015) Beetles (Coleoptera) of Peru: a survey of the families. Staphylinidae Latreille, 1802. BioOne. Scholar
  44. Newton AF, Gutiérrez Chacón C, Chandler DS (2005) Checklist of the Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) of Colombia. Biota Colomb 6:1–72Google Scholar
  45. Nichols SW (1988) Kaleidoscopic biography of West Indian Scaritinae (Coleoptera: Carabidae). In: Liebherr JK (ed) Zoogeography of Caribbean insects. Cornell University Press, London, pp 71–115Google Scholar
  46. Olivier GA (1795) Entomologie,ou histoire naturelle des insectes, avec leurs caractères génériques et spécifiques, leur description, leur synonymie et leur figure enluminée. Coléoptères, vol 3. Lanneau, ParisGoogle Scholar
  47. Outerelo R, Gamarra P, Urbaneja A et al (2010) Holotrochus hispanicus nov. sp. (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Osoriinae) de Valencia, España y su curioso fenómeno de tanatosis. Bol Real Soc Esp Hist Nat (Sec Biol) 104:97–105Google Scholar
  48. Pardini R, Faria D, Accacio GM et al (2009) The challenge of maintaining Atlantic forest biodiversity: a multi-taxa conservation assessment of specialist and generalist species in an agro-forestry mosaic in southern Bahia. Biol Conserv 142:1178–1190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Peck SB (2005) A checklist of the beetles of Cuba with data on distribution and bionomics (Insecta: Coleoptera). Arthropod Fla Neighbor Land Areas 18:1–241Google Scholar
  50. Peck SB (2016) The beetles of the Lesser Antilles (Insecta, Coleoptera): diversity and distributions. Insecta Mundi 0460:1–360Google Scholar
  51. Perty M (1830) Delectus Animalium Articulatorum quae in itinere per Brasiliam annis MDCCCXVII-MDCCCXX jussu et auspiciis Maximiliaani Josephi I. Bavariae regis Augustissimi peracto collegerunt Dr. J.B. de Spix et Dr. C.F.Ph. de Martius. Lipsius, MünchenGoogle Scholar
  52. Puthz V (1998) Bibilographie der Publikationen von Alexander Bierig (1884-1963). Philippia 8:209–215Google Scholar
  53. Ribeiro MC, Martensen AC, Metzger JP et al (2011) The Brazilian Atlantic forest: a shrinking biodiversity hotspot. In: Zachos FE, Habel JC (eds) Biodiversity hotspots. Distribution and protection of conservation priority area. Springer, Berlin, pp 405–434Google Scholar
  54. Rosen DE (1985) Geological hierarchies and biogeographic congruence in the Caribbean. Ann Mo Bot Gard 72:636–659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Sharp D (1876) Contributions to the Staphylinidae of the Amazon valley. Transactions of the Entomological Society, London, pp 34–424Google Scholar
  56. Sharp D (1883-1887) Fam. Staphylinidae. In: Biologia Centrali Americana: Insecta Coleoptera, vol 1. Taylor & Francis, London, pp 145–824Google Scholar
  57. Thayer MK, Newton AF 2005 Distribution of austral species of Staphylinoidea: genera and species of Staphylinidae, Silphidae, Leiodidae, and Agyrtidae occurring in Australia, New Zealand, Chile and/or southern Argentina, or South Africa (also Madagascar) and neighboring islands. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago. 313 pp. Online only, PDF available from URL:
  58. Urtubey E, Stuessy TF, Tremetsberger K et al (2010) The South American biogeographic transition zone: an analysis from Asteraceae. Taxon 59:505–509Google Scholar
  59. von Wied M (1825) Reise nach Brasilien in den Jahren 1815 bis 1817. Kaulfuß und Kramer, WienGoogle Scholar
  60. Wasmann E (1902) Species novae insectorum Termitophilorum ex America Meridionali. Tijdschr Entomol 45:95–107Google Scholar
  61. Wilson EO (1988) The biogeography of the West Indian ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). In: Liebherr JK (ed) Zoogeography of Caribbean insects. Cornell University Press, London, pp 214–230Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Crown 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Ecology, Institute for Ecosystem ResearchUniversity of KielKielGermany
  2. 2.Department of Biologia & Zoologia, Instituto de BiocienciaFederal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT)CuiabáBrazil

Personalised recommendations