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Molecular Mechanisms of Fungal Adaptive Evolution

  • Yongjie Zhang
  • Jianping Xu
Chapter
Part of the Grand Challenges in Biology and Biotechnology book series (GCBB)

Abstract

Fungi are ubiquitously distributed in almost all ecological niches in Earth’s biosphere, from underground soils to the stratosphere, from deserts to freshwater and marine aquatic environments, and from natural to human-made environments. They interact with and impact the health of plants, animals (including humans), and other microbes. As such, fungi have evolved a diversity of genetic and physiological traits to meet their ecological demands. In this chapter, we describe the investigative approaches and provide an overview of recent research results demonstrating the molecular mechanisms involved in fungal adaptations to unusual temperature, drought/low water activity, antifungal drugs, salt, and host defenses. We draw representative examples from natural population surveys, analyses of experimentally evolved populations, molecular genetic studies, and comparative genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. Together, these studies indicate both unique and shared mechanisms underlying fungal adaptations to both natural and human-made environments.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research was supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada (J.X.), the Natural Science Foundation of Shanxi Province (201601D011065; Y.Z.), and the Fund Program for the Scientific Activities of Selected Returned Overseas Professionals in Shanxi Province (Y.Z.).

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Life SciencesShanxi UniversityTaiyuanChina
  2. 2.Department of BiologyMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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