Soil Fertility

Chapter
Part of the World Soils Book Series book series (WSBS)

Abstract

Analysis of the trends of cultivated area, agricultural production, and water resources of Iran shows that the focus of agricultural development should be on intensification to cope with the rising demands for food of the growing population. While this may lead to more pressure on some of our soil resources, thereby threatening sustainable production and food security, it reflects the key role of soil fertility and balanced soil fertilization as one of the main concerns of agricultural sector. However, recent soil fertility evaluation of more than 20,000 soil samples has revealed that more than 50% of cultivated soils suffer from the deficiency of one or more nutrients. Furthermore, low soil organic matter content is the main limitation factor of sustainable soil fertility and production. With the introduction of chemical fertilizers some 50 years ago, their use gained popularity such that the amount of chemical fertilizers consumed by Iranian farmers exceeded three million tons in 2015. Fertilizer recommendation in Iran is mainly based on the sufficiency range approach. Fertilizer recommendation trend shows a transition from the general and regional recommendation toward the soil test recommendation along with more attention to research.

Keywords

Soil fertility Plant nutrition Fertilizers Iran Soil productivity 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Soil Science DepartmentShiraz UniversityShirazIran
  2. 2.Soil and Water Research InstituteMeshkin DashtIran

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