MRI of Prostate Cancer
MR imaging of the prostate emerged as a new diagnostic tool for the study of prostate cancer in the mid-1980s. Ever since new MR techniques have evolved making MR prostate imaging a promising modality for detecting and staging of the prostate tumors. Basic morphologic sequences (T1 weighted and T2 weighted) in combination with recent advances which include functional and physiologic MR imaging techniques allow a more sophisticated approach of the prostate cancer, adding new information beyond the traditional morphologic assessment. In addition, the quality of the performed MRI exams of the prostate is essentially improved using new imaging unit hardware and software. Another era of advance is the development of MR-compatible devices, allowing invasive procedures as targeted prostate biopsy to be performed.
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