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Interventional Radiology in Oncology

  • Michael K. Glynos
  • Katerina S. Malagari
Chapter

Abstract

Interventional radiology has long been contributing to the treatment of oncology patients by means of diagnostic procedures such as fine-needle aspiration or core biopsy under imaging guidance. IR techniques are worldwide used for palliative treatment: venous, biliary, esophageal, duodenal, enteric, ureteric, or airway obstructions due to malignant compression or infiltration are now being treated almost exclusively by percutaneous or transoral stent insertion. Percutaneous image-guided drainage, embolization, and stenting play a prominent role in management of complications of the initial disease or initial treatment. Vertebroplasty and cementoplasty are the current practice in management of certain bone metastases. Moreover, invention and development of medical devices led to a breakthrough of interventional radiology to potentially curative procedures. Transarterial chemoembolization and thermal tumor ablation are listed among the curative options for certain cancer patients; hence, they occupy the major part of this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael K. Glynos
    • 1
  • Katerina S. Malagari
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Interventional RadiologyHygeia HospitalMarousiGreece
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity of AthensAthensGreece

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