Conclusions: Multiple Aspects of Fragmentation and a Double Mismatch
In this chapter, the author argues that since the onset of the crisis there have emerged multiple rifts in Greek society, not only at the level of socio-economic structure but also at the level of discourse. The concluding chapter’s major theme is a double mismatch. First, the social policies adopted to fight poverty and social exclusion did not correspond to the scale and gravity of social problems caused by the crisis. The welfare state continued, in a fragmented fashion, to cater to the needs of insiders of the Greek labour market at the expense and exclusion of the rest of society. Second, there was a mismatch between the extent and nature of crisis-produced social problems and their conceptualization and understanding by policymakers and opinion shapers. Such perceptions and discourses served to sustain and even reignite pre-existing fragmentations within Greek society. Curbing fragmentation and exclusion requires a minimum of consensus among elites, political parties and social partners.
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