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Geographic Labor Markets, Aging and Migration: A Panoramic Perspective

  • Roger R. Stough
  • Karima Kourtit
  • Peter Nijkamp
  • Uwe Blien
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)

Abstract

Older population cohorts above the age of 65 are growing disproportionally to younger cohorts generally, and more specifically at the level of subnational regions, although this general trend is heterogeneous across regions (Guerin et al. 2015 and UNICEF 2015). At the same time that aging is on the increase, another demographic process, migration, is transforming or moulting qualitatively and itself scaling up. Today, many migration movements are episodic and thus more unstable than in the past (e.g., from famines, war, political turbulence and natural disasters), as illustrated by the growth of return, circular and temporary or chain migration. In fact, at the same time these growing and emerging types of migration are occurring the distinction between migration and commuting is blurring, e.g., those who are commuting across continents and intercontinentally might also be viewed as temporary migrants. As with aging, there are great differentials in the manifestation of these processes across places, regions and nations and in turn in their impact on regional labor markets.

This chapter introduces the theme of the book and outlines its aims, scope and structure

References

  1. Guerin B, Hoorens S, Khodyakou D, Yaqub O (2015) A growing and ageing population: global societal trends to 2030: thematic report 1. Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, CA. https:www.rand.org/pubs/research_reportsRR92031.html. Accessed 23 June 2018Google Scholar
  2. International Organization for Migration (2016) Global migration trends factsheet 2015. International Organization for Migration, Geneva. https://gmdac.iom.int/global-migration-trends-factsheet. Accessed 23 June 2018
  3. Turchin P (2003) Complex population dynamics: a theoretical/empirical synthesis. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJGoogle Scholar
  4. UNICEF (2013) Population dynamics: international migration, children &adolescents. UNICEF, New York, NY. https://www.unicdf.org/socialpolicy/files/Populations_Dynamics_ and_Migrations(1).pdf. Accessed 23 June 2018

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger R. Stough
    • 1
  • Karima Kourtit
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Peter Nijkamp
    • 2
    • 6
    • 5
    • 7
  • Uwe Blien
    • 8
    • 9
  1. 1.George Mason UniversityArlington VirginiaUSA
  2. 2.JADS (Jheronimus Academy of Data Science)’s-HertogenboschThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Uppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  4. 4.KTH Royal Institute of Technology StockholmStockholmPoland
  5. 5.Adam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznanPoland
  6. 6.Center for the Future of Places (CFP)KTH Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmPoland
  7. 7.Tinbergen InstituteAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  8. 8.Institute for Employment Research (IAB)NurembergGermany
  9. 9.Otto-Friedrich University BambergBambergGermany

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