SA/SPaH: Sample Acquisition, Processing, and Handling

  • Emily Lakdawalla
Chapter
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)

Abstract

Curiosity has unprecedented capability for interacting with the Martian surface using a collection of hardware called the Sample Acquisition, Processing, and Handling (SA/SPaH, pronounced “saw-spaw”) system (Figure 5.1). SA/SPaH includes the robotic arm and turret, the drill, and the sample scooping/sieving/portioning apparatus called Collection and Handling for In situ Martian Rock Analysis (CHIMRA, pronounced “chimera”). Also included in SA/SPaH are the Dust Removal Tool (DRT, but usually just called the “brush”), a variety of immobile hardware bolted to the front of the rover that supports sampling and drilling activities called the “sample playground,” and motorized inlet covers and spring-loaded wind guards for the SAM and CheMin instruments.

REFERENCES

  1. Anderson R et al (2012) Collecting samples in Gale crater, Mars: an overview of the Mars Science Laboratory Sample Acquisition, Sample Processing and Handling System. Space Sci Rev 170:57–75, DOI: 10.1007/s11214-012-9898-9Google Scholar
  2. Billing R and Fleischner R (2011) Mars Science Laboratory robotic arm. Paper presented to the 14th European Space Mechanisms and Tribology Symposium, 30 Sep 2011, Constance, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  3. Conrad P et al (2012) The Mars Science Laboratory organic check material. Space Sci Rev 170:479–501, DOI: 10.1007/s11214-012-9893-1Google Scholar
  4. Grotzinger J et al (2014) A habitable fluvio-lacustrine environment at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars. Science 343, DOI: 10.1126/science.1242777Google Scholar
  5. Kuhn S (2013) Curiosity’s scoop campaign, a summary. http://www.planetary.org/blogs/guest-blogs/curiositys-scoop-campaign-kuhn.html Article dated 8 Jan 2013, accessed 6 May 2016
  6. JPL (2014) Lesson Learned: Recognize that Mechanism Wear Products May Affect Science Results. http://llis.nasa.gov/lesson/10801. Article dated 8 Jun 2014, accessed 14 Oct 2015
  7. Kim W et al (2013) Mars Science Laboratory CHIMRA/IC/DRT flight software for sample acquisition and processing. Paper presented to the 8th International Conference on System of Systems Engineering, 2–6 Jun 2013, Maui, Hawaii, USAGoogle Scholar
  8. Lakdawalla E (2017) Curiosity update, sols 1548–1599: Serious drill brake problem as Curiosity drives through Murray red beds. http://www.planetary.org/blogs/emily-lakdawalla/2017/02031109-curiosity-update-sols-1548-1599.html Article dated 3 Feb 2017, accessed 9 Feb 2017
  9. Limonadi D (2012a) Sampling Mars, part 1: The hardware. http://www.planetary.org/blogs/guest-blogs/20120816-limonadi-sampling-mars-1-tools.html Article dated 16 Aug 2012, accessed 26 Feb 2016
  10. Limonadi D (2012b) Sampling Mars, part 3: Key challenges in drilling for samples. http://www.planetary.org/blogs/guest-blogs/20120821-limonadi-sampling-mars-3-drilling-challenges.html Article dated 21 Aug 2012, accessed 6 May 2016
  11. Manning R and Simon W (2014) Mars Rover Curiosity: An Inside Account from Curiosity’s Chief Engineer. Smithsonian Books, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  12. Novak K et al (2008) Mars Science Laboratory rover actuator thermal design. Presentation to the Spacecraft Thermal Control Workshop, 11–13 Mar 2008, El Segundo, California, USA, DOI: 10.2514/6.2010-6196Google Scholar
  13. Okon A (2010) Mars Science Laboratory Drill. Paper presented to the 40th Aerospace Mechanisms Symposium, 12–14 May 2000, NASA Kennedy Space CenterGoogle Scholar
  14. Sunshine D (2010) Mars Science Laboratory CHIMRA: A device for processing powdered Martian samples. Paper presented to the 40th Aerospace Mechanisms Symposium, 12–14 May 2010, NASA Kennedy Space CenterGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emily Lakdawalla
    • 1
  1. 1.The Planetary SocietyPasadenaUSA

Personalised recommendations