Transforming Borders: Resistant Liminality in Beloved, Song of Solomon, and Paradise

  • Danielle Russell


This essay investigates liminality as a space and state of resistance in Toni Morrison’s novels. Racial marginalization in America is symptomatic of a hierarchical and supremacist power system that privileges a dominant culture of whiteness. Morrison suggests that the liminal position of people of color is potentially empowering in that her characters’ actions denaturalize the racial border, revealing its artifice. This racial border manifests itself throughout the oppressive geography of her novels; marginalized characters transform these places into spaces of resistance through acts of transformations, redefinition, and naming. Doing so reveals instead of a concrete line between races, a borderland in which both sides of the binary change in relation to one another.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danielle Russell
    • 1
  1. 1.GlendonYork UniversityTorontoCanada

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