Role of Echocardiography in Arrhythmia

  • Azin Alizadehasl
  • Anita Sadeghpour


Simultaneous evaluation of electrical activity and functional and anatomical cardiac changes by echocardiographic examination provides criteria for the diagnosis of arrhythmias and their hemodynamic consequences.

Structural echocardiography views the kinetics of atrial and ventricular walls and the behavior of the valve apparatus during the cardiac cycle, establishing morphological and functional parameters which might identify atrial and ventricular arrhythmias.

Changes in transvalvular systolic and diastolic flow velocities or tissue velocities in conjunction with simultaneous analysis of the temporal relationship between ventricular and atrial activity provide criteria for a positive and differential diagnosis of arrhythmias. In the same situation provided by arrhythmias, echocardiography can measure and quantify the hemodynamic parameters of ventricular function.


Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) Arrhythmia Ventricular arrhythmias Supraventricular arrhythmias Atrial fibrillation (AF) Direct cardioversion (DC) Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) 



Appropriateness criteria of the american college of cardiology foundation


Atrial fibrillation


American society of echocardiography


Autonomic tone and reflexes after myocardial infarction


Direct cardioversion


Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator


International normalized ratio


Late gadolinium enhancement/ Cardiovascular magnetic resonance


Left ventricular ejection fraction


Multicenter automatic defibrillator implantation trial II


Sudden cardiac death in heart failure trial


Transesophageal echocardiography


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azin Alizadehasl
    • 1
  • Anita Sadeghpour
    • 2
  1. 1.Associate Professor of Cardiology, Echocardiologist, Echocardiography and Cardiogenetic Research CentersCardio-Oncology Department, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research CenterTehranIran
  2. 2.Professor of CardiologyEchocardiography Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical ScienceTehranIran

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