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Role of Echocardiography in Arrhythmia

  • Azin Alizadehasl
  • Anita Sadeghpour
Chapter

Abstract

Simultaneous evaluation of electrical activity and functional and anatomical cardiac changes by echocardiographic examination provides criteria for the diagnosis of arrhythmias and their hemodynamic consequences.

Structural echocardiography views the kinetics of atrial and ventricular walls and the behavior of the valve apparatus during the cardiac cycle, establishing morphological and functional parameters which might identify atrial and ventricular arrhythmias.

Changes in transvalvular systolic and diastolic flow velocities or tissue velocities in conjunction with simultaneous analysis of the temporal relationship between ventricular and atrial activity provide criteria for a positive and differential diagnosis of arrhythmias. In the same situation provided by arrhythmias, echocardiography can measure and quantify the hemodynamic parameters of ventricular function.

Keywords

Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) Arrhythmia Ventricular arrhythmias Supraventricular arrhythmias Atrial fibrillation (AF) Direct cardioversion (DC) Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) 

Abbreviations

ACCF

Appropriateness criteria of the american college of cardiology foundation

AF

Atrial fibrillation

ASE

American society of echocardiography

ATRAMI

Autonomic tone and reflexes after myocardial infarction

DC

Direct cardioversion

ICD

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

INR

International normalized ratio

LGE/CMR

Late gadolinium enhancement/ Cardiovascular magnetic resonance

LVEF

Left ventricular ejection fraction

MADIT-II

Multicenter automatic defibrillator implantation trial II

SCD-HeFT

Sudden cardiac death in heart failure trial

TEE

Transesophageal echocardiography

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azin Alizadehasl
    • 1
  • Anita Sadeghpour
    • 2
  1. 1.Associate Professor of Cardiology, Echocardiologist, Echocardiography and Cardiogenetic Research CentersCardio-Oncology Department, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research CenterTehranIran
  2. 2.Professor of CardiologyEchocardiography Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical ScienceTehranIran

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