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Echocardiographic Assessment of Myocardial Mechanics: Velocity, Strain, Strain Rate and Torsion

  • Hoorak Poorzand
  • Anita Sadeghpour
  • Azin Alizadehasl
  • Samir Saha
Chapter

Abstract

Echocardiography has been routinely used for assessment of cardiac mechanics. M-Mode and two dimensional echocardiography provide semi-quantitative data in the context of ventricular function and have limited ability in defining subtle changes in the function. Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) and Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE), two newer techniques, have emerged greater concerns for their role in quantification of ventricular systolic and diastolic function. These methods are more objective and provide more reproducible results. This chapter focuses on the technical properties of DTI, STE and tortional parameters and their clinical implication.

Keywords

Tissue Doppler imaging Ventricular mechanics Atrial mechanics Strain Velocity Torsion 

Abbreviations

2D

Two-dimensional

3D

Three-dimensional

DT

Doppler tissue

DTI

Doppler tissue imaging

ET

Ejection time

GCS

Global circumferential strain

GLS

Global longitudinal strain

GRS

Global radial strain

IVA

Isovolumic acceleration

IVCT

Isovolumic contraction time

IVRT

Isovolumic relaxation time

MPI

Myocardial performance index

ROI

Region of interest

RV

Right ventricular

SR

Strain rate

STE

Speckle-tracking echocardiography

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hoorak Poorzand
    • 1
  • Anita Sadeghpour
    • 2
  • Azin Alizadehasl
    • 3
  • Samir Saha
    • 4
  1. 1.Cardiovascular Department, Faculty of MedicineImam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran
  2. 2.Echocardiography Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical ScienceTehranIran
  3. 3.Echocardiography and Cardiogenetic Research CentersCardio-Oncology Department, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research CenterTehranIran
  4. 4.Cardiac Imaging LabSundsvallSweden

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