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Basic Principles of Echocardiography

  • Anita Sadeghpour
  • Azin Alizadehasl
Chapter

Abstract

Echocardiography which is the most commonly used noninvasive cardiac imaging modality is called ultrasonography of the heart. It provides real-time images from the heart and gives comprehensive information regarding the cardiac structure, function and the hemodynamic at a relatively inexpensive cost. Echocardiography uses harmless ultrasound waves (1–10 MHz) to visualize the heart.

This book is a practical echocardiography book; nonetheless, sonographers and clinicians should be familiar with the basic physics of ultrasound to obtain better images and avoid artifacts. In this chapter we tried to point out some useful data regarding ultrasound Physics, transducer Types, Echocardiography Modes, Tissue Harmonic Imaging, Principles of Doppler Echocardiography and Doppler-Based Hemodynamic Assessment.

Keywords

Echocardiography Ultrasonography Transducer Doppler Tissue harmonic imaging Artifact 

Abbreviations

CFI

Color flow imaging

CSA

Cross-sectional area

CW

Continuous wave

D

Diameter

HPRF

High pulse repetition frequency

LV

Left ventricular

LVOT

Left ventricular outflow tract

PRF

Pulse repetition frequency

PW

Pulsed wave

SV

Stroke volume

TEE

Transesophageal echocardiography

TTE

Transthoracic echocardiography

Vp

Velocity propagation

VTI

Velocity time integral

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anita Sadeghpour
    • 1
  • Azin Alizadehasl
    • 2
  1. 1.Echocardiography Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical ScienceTehranIran
  2. 2.Echocardiologist, Echocardiography and Cardiogenetic Research CentersCardio-Oncology Department, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research CenterTehranIran

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