Advertisement

Cor Triatriatum

  • Jonathan Kochav
Chapter
Part of the In Clinical Practice book series (ICP)

Abstract

Cor triatriatum, also referred to as cor triatriatum sinister, is defined by a separating membrane within the left atrium. It is a very uncommon congenital heart condition and is identified in only 0.1–0.4% of patients with congenital heart disease. This chapter describes the anatomy and physiology of this disease, and the options and indications for surgical intervention in adult patients.

References

  1. 1.
    Jegier W, Gibbons JE, Wiglesworth FW. Cortriatriatum: clinical, hemodynamic and pathological studies surgical correction in early life. Pediatrics. 1963;31:255–67.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    van Son JA, Danielson GK, Schaff HV, et al. Cor triatriatum: diagnosis, operative approach, and late results. Mayo Clin Proc. 1993;68:854–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Katre R, Burns SK, Murillo H, Lane MJ, Restrepo CS. Anomalous pulmonary venous connections. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2012;33:485–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Loeffler E. Unusual malformation of the left atrium; pulmonary sinus. Arch Pathol (Chic). 1949;48:371–6.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Humpl T, Reineker K, Manlhiot C, Dipchand AI, Coles JG, McCrindle BW. Cor triatriatum sinistrum in childhood. A single institution’s experience. Can J Cardiol. 2010;26:371–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    D’Aloia A, Vizzardi E, Caretta G, et al. Diagnosis of cor triatriatum sinister in patient with pulmonary edema and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension: assessment by three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. Echocardiography. 2011;28:E198–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Strickland PT, Pernetz MA, Jokhadar M, Hartlage G, Clements S. Cor triatriatum sinister: a patient, a review, and some unique findings. Echocardiography. 2014;31:790–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Said SM, Ibrahimiye AN, Punn R, Hanley FL. Hemoptysis as a rare presentation of cor triatriatum sinister. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015;150:e73–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ridjab DA, Wittchen F, Tschishow W, et al. Cor triatriatum sinister and cryptogenic stroke. Herz. 2015;40:447–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nassar PN, Hamdan RH. Cor triatriatum sinistrum: classification and imaging modalities. Eur J Cardiovasc Med. 2011;1:84–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Oglietti J, Cooley DA, Izquierdo JP, et al. Cor triatriatum: operative results in 25 patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 1983;35:415–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Modi KA, Annamali S, Ernest K, Pratep CR. Diagnosis and surgical correction of cor triatriatum in an adult: combined use of transesophageal and contrast echocardiography, and a review of literature. Echocardiography. 2006;23:506–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kerkar P, Vora A, Kulkarni H, Narula D, Goyal V, Dalvi B. Percutaneous balloon dilatation of cor triatriatum sinister. Am Heart J. 1996;132:888–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Howe MJ, Thomas MP, Agarwal PP, Bach DS, Rubenfire M. Cor triatriatum: a reversible cause of severe pulmonary hypertension. Can J Cardiol. 2015;31:548.e1–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Kochav
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations