Terminology: Defining Cardiac Position, Chamber Morphology and Van Praagh Nomenclature

  • Evin Yucel
  • Doreen DeFaria Yeh
Part of the In Clinical Practice book series (ICP)


Cardiac anatomic nomenclature can be confusing for those new to congenital heart disease. We review basic relationships of cardiac position and structural morphology which create the foundation for learning congenital heart anatomy.
  1. 1.

    Levocardia: the normal configuration of the base to apex axis of the heart is leftward.

  2. 2.

    Mesocardia: cardiac mass is midline and the apex is pointing to the midline.

  3. 3.

    Dextrocardia: the major axis of the heart points to the right of the sternum (dextrocardias are detailed in Chap.  2).


Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evin Yucel
    • 1
  • Doreen DeFaria Yeh
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts General Hospital, Corrgian Minehan Heart CenterBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations