Advertisement

Vertical Relations After the Financial Crisis

  • Oliver Dlabac
  • Marta Lackowska
  • Daniel Kübler
Chapter
Part of the Governance and Public Management book series (GPM)

Abstract

This chapter explores the dynamics of vertical power relations before and after the financial crisis of 2007, as perceived by city mayors across Europe. Against the thesis of a convergence of intergovernmental relations in the ‘North’ and ‘South’ of Europe, we show how countries from different state traditions have actually followed different paths of decentralisation and centralisation. Differences between North and South persist with regard to not only power relations, but also mayors’ rescaling strategies for enhancing their scope of action. Mayors in the North try to defend their role in the national political system, whereas mayors in the South and East rely heavily on attracting external resources. The investigation of variation within countries suggests that financially troubled cities in the South were more likely to experience a trend towards recentralisation, whereas cities in economic hardship in Central Eastern Europe show signs of complementing their economic rescaling strategy with a political strategy for resisting centralisation.

Keywords

Mayors Vertical relations Financial crisis Decentralisation Rescaling strategies 

References

  1. Atkinson, R., & Rossignolo, C. (Eds.). (2008). The Re-creation of the European City: Governance, Territory and Polycentricity. Amsterdam: Techne Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bache, I. (2008). Europeanization and Multilevel Governance: Cohesion Policy in the European Union and Britain. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  3. Bagnasco, A., & Le Galès, P. (Eds.). (2000). Cities in Contemporary Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Baldersheim, H., & Ståhlberg, K. (1999). Nordic Region-Building in a European Perspective. Vermont: Ashgate Publishing.Google Scholar
  5. Barber, B. R. (2013). If Mayors Ruled the World: Dysfunctional Nations, Rising Cities. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Bertrana, X., & Heinelt, H. (Eds.). (2011). The Second Tier of Local Government in Europe: Provinces, Counties, Departments and Landkreise in Comparison. London; New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Bolgherini, S. (2014). Can Austerity Lead to Recentralisation? Italian Local Government During the Economic Crisis. South European Society and Politics, 19(2), 193–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Börzel, T. (2001). Europeanization and Territorial Institutional Change: Toward Cooperative Regionalism. In G. Cowles, J. A. Caporaso, & T. Risse-Kappen (Eds.), Transforming Europe: Europeanization and Domestic Change (pp. 137–158). Ithaca, NY; London: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Braun, D., & Trein, P. (2013). Economic Crisis and Federal Dynamics. In J. Broschek & A. Benz (Eds.), Federal Dynamics (pp. 343–366). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Braun, D., & Trein, P. (2014). Federal Dynamics in Times of Economic and Financial Crisis. European Journal of Political Research, 53(4), 803–821.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Brenner, N. (1999). Globalisation as Reterritorialisation: The Re-scaling of Urban Governance in the European Union. Urban Studies (Routledge), 36(3), 431–451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Brenner, N. (2004). New State Spaces: Urban Governance and the Rescaling of Statehood. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Goldsmith, M. J., & Page, E. C. (2010). Changing Government Relations in Europe: From Localism to Intergovernmentalism. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Hamedinger, A. (Ed.). (2010). The Europeanization of Cities: Policies, Urban Change & Urban Networks. Amsterdam: Techne Press.Google Scholar
  15. van der Heiden, N. (2010). Urban Foreign Policy and Domestic Dilemmas: Insights from Swiss and EU City-Regions. Colchester: ECPR.Google Scholar
  16. van der Heiden, N., Koch, P., & Kübler, D. (2013). Rescaling Metropolitan Governance: Examining Discourses and Conflicts in Two Swiss Metropolitan Areas. Urban Research & Practice, 6(1), 40–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Heinelt, H., & Stolzenberg, P. (2014). “The Rhinish Greeks”. Bailout Funds for Local Government in German Federal States. Urban Research & Practice, 7(2), 228–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hlepas, N.-K., & Getimis, P. (2011). Greece. In X. Bertrana & H. Heinelt (Eds.), The Second Tier of Local Government in Europe: Provinces, Counties, Departments and Landkreise in Comparison (pp. 126–145). London; New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Hooghe, L., Marks, G., Arjan, H., Schakel, H., Niedzwiecki, S., Osterkatz, S. C., & Shair-Rosenfield, S. (2016). Community, Scale, and Regional Governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Keating, M. (2013). Rescaling the European State: The Making of Territory and the Rise of the Meso. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kim, J., & Vammalle, C. (Eds.). (2012). Institutional and Financial Relations Across Levels of Government. Paris: OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
  22. Kuhlmann, S., & Wollmann, H. (2014). Introduction to Comparative Public Administration: Administrative Systems and Reforms in Europe. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  23. Lackowska, M. (2014). Miejska polityka ‘zagraniczna’. Warsaw: Warsaw University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Ladner, A., Keuffer, N., & Baldersheim, H. (2015). Self-rule Index for Local Authorities. In Final Report. Brussels: European Commission).Google Scholar
  25. Le Galès, P. (2002). European Cities: Social Conflicts and Governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lefèvre, C., & d’Albergo, E. (2007). Why Cities Are Looking Abroad and How They Go About It. Environment and Planning C, 25(3), 317–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Loughlin, J., & Peters, B. G. (1997). State Traditions, Administrative Reform and Regionalization. In M. Keating & J. Loughlin (Eds.), The Political Economy of Regionalism (pp. 41–62). London: Frank Cass.Google Scholar
  28. Marks, G., Hooghe, L., & Schakel, A. H. (2008). Patterns of Regional Authority. Regional & Federal Studies, 18(2/3), 167–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Page, E., & Goldsmith, M. (1987). Central and Local Government Relations. London: SAGE Publications.Google Scholar
  30. Rink, D., Couch, C., Haase, A., Krzysztofik, R., Nadolu, B., & Rumpel, P. (2014). The Governance of Urban Shrinkage in Cities of Post-socialist Europe: Policies, Strategies and Actors. Urban Research & Practice, 7(3), 258–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Scott, J. W., & Kühn, M. (2012). Urban Change and Urban Development Strategies in Central East Europe: A Selective Assessment of Events Since 1989. European Planning Studies, 20(7), 1093–1109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Swyngedouw, E. (2004). Globalisation or “Glocalisation”? Networks, Territories and Rescaling. Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 17(1), 25–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Teles, F. (2016). Local Government and the Bailout: Reform Singularities in Portugal. European Urban and Regional Studies, 23(3), 455–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oliver Dlabac
    • 1
  • Marta Lackowska
    • 2
  • Daniel Kübler
    • 1
  1. 1.Zentrum für Demokratie Aarau (ZDA)AarauSwitzerland
  2. 2.Wydział Geografii i Studiów Regionalnych, Uniwersytet WarszawskiWarszawaPoland

Personalised recommendations