Advertisement

Smart Precision Lighting for Urban and Landscape Closed Controlled Horticultural Environments

  • D. Piromalis
  • K. G. Arvanitis
  • P. Papageorgas
  • K. P. Ferentinos
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 18)

Abstract

Although the benefits of stimulating and control of the various physiological properties and growth of plants through the use of artificial lighting have been proven during the last decades, artificial lighting is facing many challenges today, especially due to the fact that horticulture has become a rapidly changing sector. Closed controlled horticultural environments go beyond the boundaries of the established professional greenhouses and move to various urban deployments. On the other hand, there are significant technologies, either from other established application domains or new challenging ones, that can be beneficially integrated into the existing lighting systems for horticulture. In this study, the particular requirements of closed controlled horticultural environments related to the artificial lighting are identified and presented categorized in functional, practical, electrical, and economical requirements. Moreover, the technological context through which the smart precision lighting applications can be met is introduced. The most common of the traditional lighting sources used in horticulture are reviewed and the new revolutionary technology of the solid-state lighting (SSL) and its advantages for horticulture is exhibited. Additionally, certain SSL fixtures design cases, as a proof of the design options in SSL fixtures, are also presented. Subsequently, the energy management approaches in SSL deployments are explained, the available networking technologies for interconnected lighting fixtures are reported and comments are given on the current commercial approaches, while the challenging concept of the networking of clusters of lighting fixtures is reviewed. The associated advantages for smart precision lighting in horticulture are also reported. Finally, the study focuses on the development of intelligence in lighting control.

Keywords

Solid-state lighting Artificial lighting Urban horticulture Wireless sensors networks Precision lighting LED lighting Greenhouse lighting 

References

  1. Albright LD, Both AJ, Chiu AJ (2000) Controlling greenhouse light to a consistent daily integral. Trans Am Soc Agri Eng 43(2):421–431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Association, LonMark Interoperability (2002) LONMARK® application layer interoperability guidelines. LONMARK Interoperability Association, 078-0120-01F, Version 3.3 October 2002. URL: http://www.lonmark.org/technical_resources/guidelines/docs/lyr733.pdf
  3. Ayari O, Dorais M, Gosselin A (2000) Daily variations of photosynthetic efficiency of greenhouse tomato plants during winter and spring. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 125(2):235–241Google Scholar
  4. Bergstrand KJ, Asp H, Larsson Jönsson EH, Schüssler HK (2015) Plant developmental consequences of lighting from above or below in the production of poinsettia. Eur J Hortic Sci 80(2):51–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Böhme M, Grbic N, Paschko K, Pinker I (2015) Growth and internal quality of vietnamese coriander (polygonum odoratum lour.) affected by additional lighting with blue, red and green LEDs. In: De Pascale S, Jiang WJ, Connellan G (eds) Acta Horticulturae: International Society for Horticultural ScienceGoogle Scholar
  6. Both AJ, Albright LD, Langhans RW (1998) Coordinated management of daily PAR integral and carbon dioxide for hydroponic lettuce production. In: Marcelis LFM (ed) Acta HorticulturaeGoogle Scholar
  7. Both AJ, Ciolkosz DE, Albright LD (2002) Evaluation of light uniformity underneath supplemental lighting systems. In: Dorais M (ed) Acta HorticulturaeGoogle Scholar
  8. Brazaityte A, Duchovskis P, Urbonavičiute A, Samuoliene G, Jankauskiene J, Kasiulevičiute-Bonakere A, Bliznikas Z, Novčkovas A, Bree K, Žukauskas A (2009) The effect of light-emitting diodes lighting on cucumber transplants and after-effect on yield. Zemdirbyste 96(3):102–118Google Scholar
  9. Cho S, Dhingra V (2008) Street lighting control based on LonWorks power line communication. In: IEEE international symposium on power line communications and its applications, IEEE ISPLC 2008. Jeju Island, South KoreaGoogle Scholar
  10. Contreras S, Bennett MA, Metzger JD, Tay D (2008) Maternal light environment during seed development affects lettuce seed weight, germinability, and storability. HortScience 43(3):845–852Google Scholar
  11. DiLouie C (2006) Advanced lighting controls: energy savings, productivity, technology and applications. The Fairmont Press, IncGoogle Scholar
  12. Eigenbrod C, Gruda N (2015) Urban vegetable for food security in cities. A review. Agron Sustain Dev 35(2):483–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ferentinos KP, Albright LD (2005) Optimal design of plant lighting system by genetic algorithms. Eng Appl Artif Intell 18(4):473–484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ferentinos KP, Albright LD, Ramani DV (2000) Οptimal light integral and carbon dioxide concentration combinations for lettuce in ventilated greenhouses. J Agric Eng Res 77(3):309–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fierro A, Tremblay N, Gosselin A (1994) Supplemental carbon dioxide and light improved tomato and pepper seedling growth and yield. HortScience 29(3):152–154Google Scholar
  16. Gómez C, Mitchell CA (2014) Supplemental lighting for greenhouse-grown tomatoes: intracanopy LED towers vs. overhead HPS lamps. In: Acta Horticulturae: International Society for Horticultural ScienceGoogle Scholar
  17. Gömez C, Mitchell CA (2016) Physiological and productivity responses of high-wire tomato as affected by supplemental light source and distribution within the canopy. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 141(2):196–208Google Scholar
  18. Han J, Huang GJ, Wu T, Sun XM, Liu Y, Gao RF (2015) Photoperiod affects morphology, flower productivity and photosynthesis of forced potted Paeonia lactiflora in greenhouses. In: Criley RA (ed) Acta Horticulturae: International Society for Horticultural ScienceGoogle Scholar
  19. Harbick K, Albright LD, Mattson NS (2016) Electrical savings comparison of supplemental lighting control systems in greenhouse environments. In: 2016 ASABE Annual International Meeting: American Society of Agricultural and Biological EngineersGoogle Scholar
  20. Hernández R, Kubota C (2016) Physiological responses of cucumber seedlings under different blue and red photon flux ratios using LEDs. Environ Exp Bot 121:66–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Huynh TP, Tan YK, Tseng KJ (2011) Energy-aware wireless sensor network with ambient intelligence for smart LED lighting system control. In: 37th annual conference of the IEEE industrial electronics society, IECON 2011. Melbourne, VICGoogle Scholar
  22. IES, IESNA (2011) Lighting control protocols. In: Report IES-TM-23-11: Illuminating Engineering Society of North America—IESGoogle Scholar
  23. Jeong SW, Hogewoning SW, van Ieperen W (2014) Responses of supplemental blue light on flowering and stem extension growth of cut chrysanthemum. Sci Hortic 165:69–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Johansen NS, Vänninen I, Pinto DM, Nissinen AI, Shipp L (2011) In the light of new greenhouse technologies: 2. Direct effects of artificial lighting on arthropods and integrated pest management in greenhouse crops. Ann Appl Biol 159(1):1–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kitsinelis S, Kitsinelis S (2015) Light sources: basics of lighting technologies and applications. CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  26. Kozai T, Niu G (2015) Challenges for the next-generation PFAL. In: Plant factory: an indoor vertical farming system for efficient quality food production. Elsevier IncCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kyriakarakos G, Piromalis DD, Arvanitis KG, Dounis AI, Papadakis G (2015) On battery-less autonomous polygeneration microgrids: investigation of the combined hybrid capacitors/hydrogen alternative. Energy Convers Manag 91:405–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. LIN, Consortium (2006) LIN specification package, Revision 2.1Google Scholar
  29. López C, Doval J, Pereira M, Pérez S, Dios J, López O (2007) DMX512 controller for high brightness RGB LED matrix. In: IEEE international symposium on industrial electronics, ISIE 2007. Caixanova, VigoGoogle Scholar
  30. Massa GD, Kim HH, Wheeler RM, Mitchell CA (2008) Plant productivity in response to LED lighting. HortScience 43(7):1951–1956Google Scholar
  31. Maxfield C (2011) IPv4, IPv6, The Internet of Things, 6LoWPAN, and lots of other “Stuff”.” EETIMESGoogle Scholar
  32. Meng Q, Runkle ES (2015) Low-intensity blue light in night-interruption lighting does not influence flowering of herbaceous ornamentals. Sci Hortic 186:230–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Morrow RC (2008) LED lighting in horticulture. HortScience 43(7):1947–1950Google Scholar
  34. Newton S (2005) Art-Net and wireless routers. In: Asia-Pacific conference on communications. PerthGoogle Scholar
  35. OSRAM (2015). Horticulture lighting with LEDs. In: OS SSL, NR AW: OSRAM Opto SemiconductorsGoogle Scholar
  36. Pinho P, Tetri E, Halonen L (2006) Synergies of controller-based LED drivers and quality solid-state lighting. In: PRIME 2006: 2nd conference on Ph.D. Research in MicroElectronics and Electronics. OtrantoGoogle Scholar
  37. Pinho P, Hytönen T, Rantanen M, Elomaa P, Halonen L (2013) Dynamic control of supplemental lighting intensity in a greenhouse environment. Lighting Res Technol 45(3):295–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Piovene C, Orsini F, Bosi S, Sanoubar R, Bregola V, Dinelli G, Gianquinto G (2015) Optimal red: blue ratio in led lighting for nutraceutical indoor horticulture. Sci Hortic 193:202–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Piromalis D, Arvanitis K (2016a) Precision lighting for controlled closed urban horticultural environments with emphasis on the use of LED technology. In: International conference on landscape and urban horticulture (LUH 2016). AthensGoogle Scholar
  40. Piromalis D, Arvanitis K (2016b) SensoTube: A scalable hardware design architecture for wireless sensors and actuators networks nodes in the agricultural domain. Sensors 16(8):1227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Piromalis DD, Arvanitis KG, Sigrimis N (2013) DASH7 mode 2: a promising perspective for wireless agriculture. In: 4th IFAC conference on modelling and control in agriculture, horticulture and post harvest industry, AGRICONTROL 2013. Part 1 edn. EspooCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Piromalis D, Arvanitis K, Papageorgas P, Tseles D, Psomopoulos C (2016) LEDWIRE: a versatile networking platform for smart LED lighting applications using LIN-Bus and WSNs. Sens Transducers 200(5):50–59Google Scholar
  43. Ponce P, Molina A, Cepeda P, Lugo E, MacCleery B (2014) Greenhouse design and control. CRC PressCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Samuoliene G, Brazaityte A, Viršile A, Sirtautas R, Sakalauskaite J, Sakalauskiene S, Duchovskis P (2015) Photomorphogenetic effects in different plant life forms. In: Mauget JC, Godet S (eds) Acta Horticulturae: International Society for Horticultural ScienceGoogle Scholar
  45. Simpson RS (2003) Lighting control: technology and applications. Taylor & FrancisGoogle Scholar
  46. Singh D, Basu C, Meinhardt-Wollweber M, Roth B (2015) LEDs for energy efficient greenhouse lighting. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 49:139–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Smet KAG, Ryckaert WR, Pointer MR, Deconinck G, Hanselaer P (2012) Optimization of colour quality of LED lighting with reference to memory colours. Lighting Res Technol 44(1):7–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Takagaki M, Hara H, Kozai T (2015) Micro- and mini-PFALs for improving the quality of life in urban areas. In: Plant factory: an indoor vertical farming system for efficient quality food production. Elsevier IncCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Taulavuori K, Hyöky V, Oksanen J, Taulavuori E, Julkunen-Tiitto R (2016) Species-specific differences in synthesis of flavonoids and phenolic acids under increasing periods of enhanced blue light. Environ Exp Bot 121:145–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Tewolde FT, Lu N, Shiina K, Maruo T, Takagaki M, Kozai T, Yamori W (2016) Nighttime supplemental LED inter-lighting improves growth and yield of single-truss tomatoes by enhancing photosynthesis in both winter and summer. Front Plant Sci 7 (APR2016)Google Scholar
  51. Thomas BA, Azevedo IL, Morgan G (2012) Edison revisited: should we use DC circuits for lighting in commercial buildings? Energ Policy 45:399–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. TI (2002) RS-422 and RS-485 standards overview and systems configurations, application report—SLLA070D. Texas InstrumentsGoogle Scholar
  53. Ulrichs C, Mewis I (2015) Recent developments in urban horticulture—facts and fiction. In: Mauget JC, Godet S (eds) Acta Horticulturae: International Society for Horticultural ScienceGoogle Scholar
  54. Van Ieperen W, Trouwborst G (2008) The application of LEDs as assimilation light source in greenhouse horticulture: a simulation study. In: International symposium on high technology for greenhouse system management, Greensys 2007. NaplesGoogle Scholar
  55. Van Iersel MW, Mattos E, Weaver G, Ferrarezi RS, Martin MT, Haidekker M (2016) Using chlorophyll fluorescence to control lighting in controlled environment agriculture. In: Lopez RG, Runkle ES, Currey CJ (eds) Acta horticulturae: International Society for Horticultural ScienceGoogle Scholar
  56. Vänninen I, Pinto DM, Nissinen AI, Johansen NS, Shipp L (2010) In the light of new greenhouse technologies: 1. Plant-mediated effects of artificial lighting on arthropods and tritrophic interactions. Ann Appl Biol 157(3):393–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Walerczyk S (2014) Lighting and controls. Fairmont PressGoogle Scholar
  58. Wojciechowska R, Dugosz-Grochowska O, Koton A, Zupnik M (2015) Effects of LED supplemental lighting on yield and some quality parameters of lamb’s lettuce grown in two winter cycles. Sci Hortic 187:80–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Yurish SY, Cañete J (2013) High performance sensor nodes for wireless sensor networks applications. Sens Transducers 18(SPEC.ISS.1):92–99Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Piromalis
    • 1
  • K. G. Arvanitis
    • 2
  • P. Papageorgas
    • 3
  • K. P. Ferentinos
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Industrial Design and Production EngineeringUniversity of West AtticaEgaleo, AthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of Natural Resources Management and Agricultural EngineeringAgricultural University of AthensAthensGreece
  3. 3.Department of Electrical and Electronics EngineeringUniversity of West AtticaEgaleo, AthensGreece
  4. 4.Department of Agricultural EngineeringInstitute of Soil and Water Resources, Hellenic Agricultural Organization “Demeter”AthensGreece

Personalised recommendations