Smart Precision Lighting for Urban and Landscape Closed Controlled Horticultural Environments

  • D. PiromalisEmail author
  • K. G. Arvanitis
  • P. Papageorgas
  • K. P. Ferentinos
Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 18)


Although the benefits of stimulating and control of the various physiological properties and growth of plants through the use of artificial lighting have been proven during the last decades, artificial lighting is facing many challenges today, especially due to the fact that horticulture has become a rapidly changing sector. Closed controlled horticultural environments go beyond the boundaries of the established professional greenhouses and move to various urban deployments. On the other hand, there are significant technologies, either from other established application domains or new challenging ones, that can be beneficially integrated into the existing lighting systems for horticulture. In this study, the particular requirements of closed controlled horticultural environments related to the artificial lighting are identified and presented categorized in functional, practical, electrical, and economical requirements. Moreover, the technological context through which the smart precision lighting applications can be met is introduced. The most common of the traditional lighting sources used in horticulture are reviewed and the new revolutionary technology of the solid-state lighting (SSL) and its advantages for horticulture is exhibited. Additionally, certain SSL fixtures design cases, as a proof of the design options in SSL fixtures, are also presented. Subsequently, the energy management approaches in SSL deployments are explained, the available networking technologies for interconnected lighting fixtures are reported and comments are given on the current commercial approaches, while the challenging concept of the networking of clusters of lighting fixtures is reviewed. The associated advantages for smart precision lighting in horticulture are also reported. Finally, the study focuses on the development of intelligence in lighting control.


Solid-state lighting Artificial lighting Urban horticulture Wireless sensors networks Precision lighting LED lighting Greenhouse lighting 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Piromalis
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. G. Arvanitis
    • 2
  • P. Papageorgas
    • 3
  • K. P. Ferentinos
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Industrial Design and Production EngineeringUniversity of West AtticaEgaleo, AthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of Natural Resources Management and Agricultural EngineeringAgricultural University of AthensAthensGreece
  3. 3.Department of Electrical and Electronics EngineeringUniversity of West AtticaEgaleo, AthensGreece
  4. 4.Department of Agricultural EngineeringInstitute of Soil and Water Resources, Hellenic Agricultural Organization “Demeter”AthensGreece

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