Par Cum Pari: Notes on the Horizontality of Peer-to-Peer Relationships in the Context of the Verticality of a Hierarchy of Values

  • Michel Bauwens


This essay offers an ethical evaluation of the emerging mode of commons-based peer production, and its associated governance and property regimes, in order to see how it stacks up as an implicit or explicit expression of a number of ethical values. In particular, we examine whether the peer-to-peer logic represents an opportunity for a more complete realization of the aims of the social doctrine of the Catholic Church, which shares the vision of the centrality of civil society, with the market and the state function having a service orientation towards civil society. We conclude that there is a correspondence between the two value systems.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michel Bauwens
    • 1
  1. 1.P2P FoundationChiang MaiThailand

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