Fostering a Rise in Youth Social Entrepreneurship in the Arabian Peninsula: From Policy to Implementation

  • Seungah Lee
  • Cameron Mirza


Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, driven by their respective national development goals, have taken a top-down approach to spur entrepreneurship and innovation. This chapter provides a descriptive study and meta-analysis of the policies, programs, and initiatives in the Arab Gulf countries around entrepreneurship and innovation and examines how such activities play a role in fostering an enabling environment for youth social entrepreneurship and/or innovation. The chapter finds that a rising spirit for social entrepreneurship and innovation is present among a small but a growing community of intrinsically driven Arab Gulf youth. At the same time, however, youth face financial barriers, difficulties navigating the complicated regulatory system, and lack role models, resources, or expertise to start and sustain enterprises and/or innovative initiatives toward positive social change.


Arab Gulf Youth Social entrepreneurship Innovation Social impact Meta-policy analysis Middle East Youth participation 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seungah Lee
    • 1
  • Cameron Mirza
    • 2
  1. 1.Harvard UniversityCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.University of BahrainZallaqBahrain

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