Surgical Anatomy of Kidneys and Adrenals

  • Ibrahim M. KaramEmail author
  • Alexandre Oliver
  • Jacques Hubert


In this chapter, surgical anatomy of kidneys and adrenals is described in detail. Their anatomical relationships and preoperative evaluation of retroperitoneal anatomy are illustrated for providing anatomic information necessary to plan the surgical procedure. This evaluation is crucial, in robotic surgery, for detecting vascular anomalies and helps the surgeon to easier dissect atypical renal or adrenal vessels. We also describe the practical surgical options of dissection to give to the operator the capacity to anticipate difficulties and overcome them.



Acknowledgment to Dr. Al Said B. for the anatomical illustrations and Dr. Hubert N. for the preoperative pictures.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ibrahim M. Karam
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Alexandre Oliver
    • 3
  • Jacques Hubert
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of UrologyNancy-Brabois University HospitalVandœuvre les NancyFrance
  2. 2.Department of Anatomy, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of NancyVandœuvre les NancyFrance
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyNancy-Brabois University HospitalVandœuvre les NancyFrance
  4. 4.INSERM-IADI (U947)Vandœuvre les NancyFrance

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