Advertisement

Work, Intimacy and Prisoner Masculinities

  • Martha Morey
  • Ben Crewe
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Prisons and Penology book series (PSIPP)

Abstract

Given the boom in studies interrogating prisoner masculinities in the last two decades or so, it can no longer be said that prisoners’ gender identities have been neglected in academic research or, specifically, that the ‘maleness’ of male prisoners is hidden, invisible or unquestioned. Yet the tendency noted by Joe Sim, writing during the first wave of research on prison masculinities, for themes of domination to be ‘emphasised at the expense of contradiction, challenge and change’ (1994: 111) has endured. The focus of much research into prisoner masculinities has been troublingly narrow, concentrating on their most spectacular and stereotypical manifestations. The result is that most portrayals of men in prison present a relatively reductive picture of aggression, emotional coldness and machismo (see, e.g., Sabo et al. 2001). Whether or not such accounts were accurate in the closing decades of the previous century, subsequent changes in the broader socio-economic climate, in the nature of imprisonment and, therefore, in cultures and practices of masculinity mean that the continuing use of a terminology of ‘hypermasculinity’ is increasingly questionable. Drawing on two separate pieces of primary prison research, this chapter seeks to explore prison masculinities as they apply to the spheres of work and intimacy, in ways that highlight the complexity and diversity of male prisoners’ identities.

Keywords

Hypermasculinity Friendship Intimacy Prison work Prison labour Masculinities Homosocial relations 

References

  1. Anderson, E. (2008). Inclusive masculinity in a fraternal setting. Men and Masculinities, 10(5), 604–620.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, E. (2012). Shifting masculinities in Anglo-American countries. Masculinities and Social Change, 1(1), 40–60.Google Scholar
  3. Bandyopadhyay, M. (2006). Competing masculinities in a prison. Men and Masculinities, 9(2), 186–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bengtsson, T. (2015). Performing hypermasculinity: Experiences with confined young offenders. Men and Masculinities, 19(4), 410–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bosworth, M., & Carrabine, E. (2001). Reassessing resistance: Race, gender and sexuality in prison. Punishment and Society, 3(4), 501–515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bowker, L. (1983). An Essay on Prison Violence. The Prison Journal, 63(1), 24–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clemmer, D. (1940). The prison community. Boston: Christopher Publishing House.Google Scholar
  8. Connell, R. (2000). The men and the boys. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  9. Crewe, B. (2006). Male prisoners’ orientations towards female officers in an English prison. Punishment and Society, 8(4), 395–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Crewe, B. (2009). The prisoner society: Power, adaptation and social life in an English prison. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Crewe, B., Warr, J., Bennett, P., & Smith, A. (2013). The emotional geography of prison life. Theoretical Criminology, 18(1), 56–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. De Viggiani, N. (2012). Trying to be something you are not: Masculine performance within a prison setting. Men and Masculinities, 15(3), 271–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Earle, R. (2011). Boys’ zone stories: Perspectives from a young men’s prison. Criminology and Criminal Justice, 11(2), 129–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hakim, J. (2015). Fit is the new rich’: Male embodiment in the age of austerity. Soundings: A Journal of Politics and Culture, 61, 84–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hall, S., Winlow, S., & Ancrum, C. (2008). Criminal identities and consumer culture. Cullompton: Willan.Google Scholar
  16. Hamilton, K. (2012). Low-income families and coping through brands: Inclusion or stigma? Sociology, 46(1), 74–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hayward, K. (2004). City limits: Crime, consumer culture and the urban experience. London: The Glass House Press.Google Scholar
  18. Haywood, C., & Mac an Ghaill, M. (2003). Men and masculinities: Theory, research and social practice. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Hulley, S., Crewe, B., & Wright, S. (2016). Re-examining the problems of long-term imprisonment. British Journal of Criminology, 56(4), 769–792.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Irwin, J., & Owen, B. (2005). Harm and the contemporary prison. In A. Liebling & S. Maruna (Eds.), The effects of imprisonment. Cullompton: Willan Publishing.Google Scholar
  21. Jewkes, Y. (2002). Captive audience: Media, masculinity and power in prisons. Cullompton: Willan Publishing.Google Scholar
  22. Jewkes, Y. (2005). Men behind bars: “Doing” masculinity as an adaptation to imprisonment. Men and Masculinities, 8(1), 44–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. McDowell, L. (2002). Transitions to work: Masculine identities, youth inequality and labour market change. Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, 9(1), 39–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. McDowell, L. (2003). Redundant masculinities? Employment change and white working class youth. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
  25. McDowell, L. (2004). Masculinity, identity and labour market change: Some reflections on the implications of thinking relationally about difference and the politics of inclusion. Geografiska Annaler, 86(1), 45–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. McDowell, L. (2009). Working bodies: Interactive service employment and workplace identities. Oxford: Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Messerschmidt, J. (2001). Masculinities, crime, and prison. In D. Sabo, T. Kupers, & W. London (Eds.), Prison masculinities. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Morris, T., & Morris, P. (1963). Pentonville: A sociological study of an English prison. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. Nayak, A. (2006). Displaced masculinities: Chavs, youth and class in the post-industrial city. Sociology, 40(5), 813–831.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Newton, C. (1994). Gender theory and prison sociology: Using theories of masculinities to interpret the sociology of prisons for men. The Howard Journal, 33(3), 193–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Phillips, C. (2012). The multicultural prison: Ethnicity, masculinity, and social relations among prisoners. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Rafter, N. (2006). Shots in the mirror: Crime films and society (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Ricciardelli, R. (2015). Establishing and asserting masculinities in Canadian penitentiaries. Journal of Gender Studies, 24(2), 170–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Roberts, S. (2012). Boys will be boys…won’t they? Change and continuities in contemporary young working class masculinities. Sociology, 47(4), 671–686.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sabo, D., Kupers, T., & London, W. (2001). Prison masculinities. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Scraton, P., Sim, J., & Skidmore, P. (1991). Prisons under protest. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Sennett, R. (1998). The corrosion of character. New York: W. W. Norton and Company.Google Scholar
  38. Sim, J. (1994). Tougher than the rest? Men in prison. In T. Newburn & E. Stanko (Eds.), Just boys doing business. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  39. Sykes, G. (1958). The society of captives: A study of a maximum security prison. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Toch, H. (1998). Hypermasculinity and prison violence. In L. Bowker (Ed.), Masculinities and violence. London: SAGE.Google Scholar
  41. Tolson, A. (1977). The limits of masculinity. London: Tavistock.Google Scholar
  42. Willis, P. (1977). Learning to labour: How working class kids get working class jobs. Farnborough: Saxon House.Google Scholar
  43. Wilson, D. (2004). ‘Keeping quiet’ or ‘going nuts’: Strategies used by young, black, men in custody. The Howard Journal of Crime and Justice, 43(3), 317–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martha Morey
    • 1
  • Ben Crewe
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CambridgeCambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations