Advertisement

Inside the Prison Parenting Classroom: Caring, Sharing and the Softer Side of Masculinity

  • Katie Buston
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Prisons and Penology book series (PSIPP)

Abstract

This chapter draws on ethnographic work with young fathers attending a prison parenting programme in a Scottish Young Offender Institution. The programme facilitators encouraged sharing and caring, creating a space in the classroom where the men could feel comfortable showing their softer side. By talking about their present and past lives in relation to parenthood, and reflecting together, it is theorised that the men will (further) realise how important their fatherhood role is, and be motivated to change their parenting practices in positive ways. The chapter explores how hyper-masculine discourses and performances contrasted, and meshed, with much softer discourses and performances of masculinity. The wider implications for prison-based group interventions which theorise behavioural change around sharing of experiences, and developing caring relationships with peers and facilitators are discussed.

Keywords

Ethnography Young men Young Offender Institution Parenting Fathers Interventions Behavioural change Classroom climate 

References

  1. Anderson, E. (2009). Inclusive masculinity: The changing nature of masculinities. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Arditti, J., & Parkman, T. (2011). Young men’s reentry after incarceration: A developmental paradox. Family Relations, 60(2), 205–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bengtsson, T. T. (2015, July). Performing hypermasculinity: Experiences with confined young offenders. Men and Masculinities, 19(4), 410–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boswell, G., & Wedge, P. (2002). Imprisoned fathers and their children. London: Jessica Kingsley.Google Scholar
  5. Buston, K. (2010). Experiences of, and attitudes towards, pregnancy and fatherhood amongst incarcerated young male offenders: Findings from a qualitative study. Social Science and Medicine, 71, 2211–2218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Buston, K., Wight, D., & Hart, G. (2002). Inside the sex education classroom: The importance of context in engaging pupils. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 4, 317–335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carceral, K. C. (2004). Behind a convict’s eye: Doing time in a modern prison. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  8. Clarke, L., O’brien, M., Day, R. D., Goodwin, H., Connolly, J., Hemmings, J., & van Leeson, T. (2005). Fathering behind bars in English prisons: Imprisoned fathers’ identity and contact with their children. Fathering, 3, 221–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Collier, R. (1998). Masculinities, crime and criminology: Men, heterosexuality and the criminal(ised) other. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  10. Connell, R. W. (1995). Masculinities. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  11. Crewe, B. (2014). Not looking hard enough: Masculinity, emotion and prison research. Qualitative Inquiry, 20, 392–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Curtis, A. (2014). “You have to cut it off at the knee”. Dangerous masculinities and security inside a men’s prison. Men and Masculinities, 17, 120–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Day, R. D., Acock, A. C., Bahr, S. J., & Arditti, J. (2005). Incarcerated fathers returning home to children and families: Introduction to the special issue and a primer on doing research with men in prison. Fathering, 3, 183–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. De Visser, R., & Smith, J. (2007). Alcohol consumption and masculine identity amongst young men. Psychology & Health, 22, 595.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Earle, R. (2011). Boys’ zone stories: Perspectives from a young men’s prison. Criminology and Criminal Justice, 11, 129–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Frosh, S., Phoenix, A., & Pattman, R. (2002). Young masculinities: Understanding boys in contemporary society. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Frosh, S., Phoenix, A., & Pattman, R. (2003). Taking a stand: Using psychoanalysis to explore the positioning of subjects in discourse. British Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 39–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hyde, A., Drennan, J., Howlett, E., & Brady, D. (2009). Young Men’s vulnerability in constituting hegemonic masculinity in sexual relations. American Journal of Mens Health, 3, 238–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jewkes, Y. (2005). Men behind bars: “Doing” masculinity as an adaptation to imprisonment. Men and Masculinities, 8, 44–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jewkes, Y. (2015). Foreword. In D. H. Drake, R. Earle, & J. Sloan (Eds.), The Palgrave handbook of prison ethnography. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  21. Karp, D. R. (2010). Unlocking men, unmasking masculinities: Doing men’s work in prisons. The journal of Men’s Studies, 18, 63–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Katz, A. (Ed.). (2002). Parenting under pressure: Prison. London: Young Voice.Google Scholar
  23. Mac an Ghaill, M. (1994). The making of men: Sexualities and schooling. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Macmillan, C. (2005). Public health initiative at a young offenders institute. Community Practitioner, 78, 397–399.Google Scholar
  25. Magaletta, P. R., & Herbst, D. P. (2001). Fathering from prison: Common struggles and successful solutions. Psychotherapy, 38, 88–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mccormack, M. (2012). The declining significance of homophobia: How teenage boys are redefining masculinity and heterosexuality. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mcdowell, L. (2002). Masculine discourses and dissonances: Strutting ‘lads’, protest masculinity and domestic respectability. Environment and Planning: Society and Space, 20, 97–119.Google Scholar
  28. Measor, L., Tiffin, C., & Miller, K. (2000). Young people’s views on sex education. London: Routledge Falmer.Google Scholar
  29. Meek, R. (2007). The parenting possible selves of young fathers in prison. Psychology, Crime & Law, 13, 371–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Meek, R. (2011). The possible selves of young fathers in prison. Journal of Adolescence, 34, 941–949.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Messerschmidt, J. W. (1993). Masculinities and crime: Critique and reconceptualisation of theory. Maryland: Rowan and Littlefield Publishers.Google Scholar
  32. Mosher, C. J. (1998). Discrimination and denial: Systematic racism in Ontario’s legal and criminal justice system, 1892–1961. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Nurse, A. (2003). Fatherhood arrested: Parenting from within the juvenile justice system. Social Forces, 82, 437–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Nurse, A. (2005). The impact of the juvenile prison on fathers. In K. H. Barrett & W. G. George (Eds.), Race, culture, psychology, and law. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  35. Parra-Cardona, J. R., Sharp, E. A., & Wampler, R. S. (2008). ‘Changing for my kid’: Fatherhood experiences of Mexican-origin teen fathers involved in the justice system. Journal of Marital & Family Therapy, 34, 369–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Pollack, W. S. (1999). Real boys: Rescuing our sons from the myths of boyhood. New York: Henry Holt & Company.Google Scholar
  37. Sabo, D., Kupers, T. A., & London, W. (2001a). Gender and the politics of punishment. In D. Sabo, T. A. Kupers, & W. London (Eds.), Prison masculinities. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Sabo, D., Kupers, T. A., & London, W. (Eds.). (2001b). Prison masculinities. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  39. Scottish Prison Service. (2013). Unlocking potential: Report of the Scottish prison service organisational review. Edinburgh: Scottish Prison Service.Google Scholar
  40. Sewell, T. (1997). Black masculinities and schooling: How black boys survive modern schooling. Stoke-on-Trent: Trentham Books.Google Scholar
  41. Toch, H. (1998). Hypermasculinity and prison violence. In L. H. Bowker (Ed.), Masculinities and prison violence. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  42. Wilkinson, D. L., Magara, A., Garcia, M., & Khurana, A. (2009). Fathering at the margins of society: Reflections from young, minority, crime-involved fathers. Journal of Family Issues, 30, 945–967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Willis, P. (1977). Learning to labour: How working class kids get working class jobs. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katie Buston
    • 1
  1. 1.MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences UnitUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK

Personalised recommendations