Advertisement

Political Radicalization in Israel: From a Populist Habitus to Radical Right Populism in Government

  • Dani Filc
Chapter

Abstract

The present paper analyses the process of radicalization of the Likud party. The Likud party is the biggest party in Israel and has been a leading member of coalition governments for much of the last four decades and thus part of the political mainstream. However, the Likud, which arrived to government as an inclusive populist party in 1977, has undergone a process of radicalization in the last 15 years, radical in its rejection of the ideas of liberty and equality which are central to the Enlightenment tradition, in its rejection of human rights as both central to any political community and as universal, and in the xenophobia which always goes along with nativism—a central feature of radical right populism.

Keywords

Radical right populism Israel Likud Nativism 

References

  1. Betz, H.G. 2001. Exclusionary Populism in Austria, Italy and Switzerland. International Journal 56 (3): 393–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Betz, H.G., and C. Johnson. 2004. Against the Current—Stemming the Tide: The Nostalgic Ideology of the Contemporary Radical Populist Right. Journal of Political Ideologies 9 (3): 311–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bourdieu, P. 1979. Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Canovan, M. 1981. Populism. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 1999. Trust the People! Populism and the Two Faces of Democracy. Political Studies 47 (1): 2–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. ———. 2005. The People. London: Polity.Google Scholar
  7. de la Torre, C. 1998a. Populismo, cultura política y vida cotidiana en Ecuador. In El fantasma del populismo: Aproximación a un tema siempre actual, ed. F. Burbano de Lara. Venezuela: Nueva Sociedad.Google Scholar
  8. ———. 1998b. Populist Redemption and the Unfinished Democratization of Latin America. Constellations 5 (1): 85–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Di Tella, T. 1977. El populismo en Lationamérica. In Populismo y contradicciones de clase en Lationamérica, ed. T. Di Tella, G. Germani, and O. Ianni. Mexico: Era.Google Scholar
  10. Filc, D. 2006. Populizm ṿe-hegmonyah be-Yisrael [Hegemony and Populism in Israel]. Tel Aviv: Resling.Google Scholar
  11. ———. 2010. The Right in Israel: The Many Faces of Jewish Populism. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Germani, G. 1978. Authoritarism, Fascism and National Populism. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books.Google Scholar
  13. Herman, T. 2016. The Israeli Democracy Index. Jerusalem: The Israeli Democracy Institute.Google Scholar
  14. Hermet, G. 2001. Les populismes dans le monde: Une histoire sociologique, XIXe-Xxe siècle. Paris: Fayard.Google Scholar
  15. Ionescu, G., and E. Gellner. 1969. Populism: Its Meaning and National Characteristics. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  16. Laclau, E. 1977. Política e ideología en la teoría marxista. Capitalismo, fascismo, populismo. Mexico City: Siglo XXI.Google Scholar
  17. ———. 2005. The Populist Reason. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  18. Lieberman, A. 2002. Press Conference. Maariv, 26 November (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  19. ———. 2006. My Truth. Maariv (Hebrew): Tel Aviv.Google Scholar
  20. ———. 2007a. IDF Radio, October 2007 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  21. ———. 2007b. Knesset Records, February 6. http://main.knesset.gov.il/Activity/Plenum/Pages/Sessions.aspx
  22. ———. 2008. Knesset Records, May 5. http://main.knesset.gov.il/Activity/Plenum/Pages/Sessions.aspx
  23. ———. 2009. Interview. Haaretz, 3 February (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  24. Moscovitz, H. 2016. The Mainstreaming of Radical Right Exclusionary Ideology: Israeli Parliamentary Discussions Over Asylum. Journal of Political Ideologies 21 (2): 140–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mouzelis, N. 1985. On the Concept of Populism: Populist and Clientelist Modes of Incorporation in Semi-Peripheral Polities. Politics and Society 14 (3): 329–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mudde, C. 2007. Populist Radical Right Parties in Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mudde, C., and C. Rovira-Kaltwasser. 2012. Populism in Europe and the Americas: Threat or Corrective for Democracy? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Schmid, A.P. 2013. Radicalisation, De-Radicalisation, Counter-Radicalisation: A Conceptual Discussion and Literature Review. ICCT Research Paper, March, The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, The Hague. Accessed 28 May 2016. https://www.icct.nl/download/file/ICCT-Schmid-Radicalisation-De-Radicalisation-Counter-Radicalisation-March-2013.pdf
  29. Shumsky, D. 2001. Ethnicity and Citizenship in the Perception of Russian Israelis. Teoria uvikoret [Theory and Criticism] 19: 17–40.Google Scholar
  30. Tarchi, M. 2008. Italy: A Country of Many Populisms. In Twenty-First Century Populism, The Spectre of Western European Democracy, ed. D. Albertazzi and D. McDonnell. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  31. Wodak, R. 2015. The Politics of Fear: What Right Wing Populist Discourses Mean. London: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yisrael Beitenu. n.d. The Vision of Yisrael Beytenu—Israel Our Home. Accessed 25 April 2017 (Hebrew). https://beytenu.org.il/%D7%94%D7%9E%D7%A6%​D7%A2-%D7%A9%D7%9C%D7%A0%D7%95/

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dani Filc
    • 1
  1. 1.Ben-Gurion University of the NegevBeer-ShevaIsrael

Personalised recommendations