Counter-Radicalization as Counter-Terrorism: The European Union Case

  • Bruno Oliveira Martins
  • Monika Ziegler


This chapter provides a critical overview of European Union (EU) responses to increased terrorist activity in Europe since 2015. We argue that since about 2004 counter-radicalization has become a fundamental dimension of the EU’s preventive counter-terrorism strategies. Our analysis reveals a few important trends in recent EU policy measures including the predominance of preventive strategies, the outsourcing of knowledge production, a focus on the crime–terror nexus, the increasingly prominent role of prisons, more openness to the private sector, and an almost exclusive emphasis on Islamist-inspired terrorism with a correspondent neglect of other types of terrorism. We contend that these trends are not exclusive to the EU and are part of broader tendencies in contemporary international security.


European Union Counter-terrorism Anti-radicalization Terrorism 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno Oliveira Martins
    • 1
  • Monika Ziegler
    • 2
  1. 1.Malmö UniversityMalmöSweden
  2. 2.Aarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark

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