Politics and Knowledge Production: Between Securitisation and Riskification of the Shale Gas Issue in Poland and Germany
This chapter compares shale gas politics in Poland and Germany in terms of the securitization framework that has been extended for energy studies by the concepts of riskification, politicization and security jargon. The analysis shows that an important part of this politics has involved production of knowledge on the relation between shale gas extraction processes and the environment. Two different modes of knowledge production were organized in Poland and Germany. In Poland, the Polish Geological Institute conducted empirical measurements of environmental impacts in seven locations where companies drilled for shale gas. In Germany, ExxonMobil set up an expert panel which modeled the worst-case scenarios of hypothetical drilling. Knowledge produced in these methodologically different ways served not only to underpin different political moves around shale gas nationally—in Poland, securitization and in Germany, riskification—but, in the Polish case, it was also used by political actors to prevent riskification of the shale gas issue happening at the EU level.
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