‘Fake Passports’: What Is to Be Done About Trade-Based Money Laundering?

  • Kenneth Murray


Trade-based money laundering (‘TBML’) is a problem that is relatively straightforward to describe but, from a law enforcement perspective, one that is very difficult to tackle. This chapter considers, inter alia, what might be put in place instead of traditional anti-money laundering (AML) tenets as a framework for tackling TBML, in order to at least offer the possibility that the law enforcement response to it can be materially improved. The chapter thus attempts to formulate a platform for developing ideas in this sphere that will provide practical suggestions rather than the usual counsels of despair.


TBML Mis-Invoicing Proving criminality 

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth Murray
    • 1
  1. 1.Police ScotlandGlasgowUK

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