The umbilical scar plays an important role in the aesthetics of the abdomen and is a medical landmark for exploration and surgical planning. This chapter describes the basic morphological characteristics of the umbilicus, including the embryological origin, the anatomical characteristics (e.g., vascular supply, drainage, innervation) and explores the discussion surrounding the ideal umbilical position. These points are the basics necessary to understand umbilical reconstruction techniques.
KeywordsUmbilical anatomy Embryology Umbilical position
- 2.Sadler TW. Langman’s medical embryology. 13th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 2015.Google Scholar
- 3.Hegazy AA. Clinical embryology for medical students and postgraduate doctors. Berlin: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing; 2014.Google Scholar
- 10.Duduković M, Kisić H, Baez ML, Bulić K, Veir Z, Cvjetičanin B, et al. Anatomical prediction for surgical positioning of the umbilicus in a white population. Ann Plast Surg. 2014;75(2):135–9.Google Scholar