Getting Adapted? A Comparative Study of Qualified Turkish Return Migrants from Germany and the USA

  • Meltem Yilmaz Şener
  • Seçil Paçacı Elitok
Part of the Europe in a Global Context book series (EGC)


When we consider the international migration history of Turkey, we see the key position of the immigration of worker migrants to Germany that has been going on since the 1960s. Due to the waves of migration from Turkey to Europe, and especially to Germany, Turks now form one of the largest minority groups living in Western Europe who have migrated from outside of the European Union (EU) region (Sirkeci 2002: 9). As a consequence, beginning from the first period of migration, Turkish migration to Germany has been a subject that social scientists have intensively analyzed. However, most studies have focused on guest workers and there have been a limited number of studies looking at the case of qualified migrants from Turkey to Germany. Academic interest is limited not only to the migration of the qualified migrants to Germany but also in return migration. To date, there are only a few studies on return migration and they mostly try to understand under what conditions and situations guest workers return to Turkey, with only a couple studying the return migration experiences of Turkish skilled professionals.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meltem Yilmaz Şener
    • 1
  • Seçil Paçacı Elitok
    • 2
  1. 1.University of AgderKristiansandNorway
  2. 2.Michigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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