Asymptomatic Gallstones

  • Guy Shingler
  • Val UsatoffEmail author


Gallstones are very common and occur in about 10% of the population with previously discussed age, sex and ethnic variation (Chap. 3). The risk of progression to symptoms is relatively low, ranging from 10 to 25% depending on duration of follow-up [1, 2]. It is generally agreed that symptoms will develop in 1–2% of these asymptomatic patients each year. Although the majority of patients with gallstones are asymptomatic at diagnosis, many patients are wrongly labelled as having symptoms from reflux, indigestion, irritable bowel syndrome and even ischaemic heart disease. This of course highlights the need for an accurate history regarding the exact nature of symptoms as was discussed in detail in Chap. 4.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Morriston HospitalAbertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health BoardSwanseaUK
  2. 2.Western Health, Alfred Hospital and Cabrini HospitalMelbourneAustralia

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